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Saddam's WMD Have Been Found

 
 
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 12:37 pm
Investigative Report
Saddam's WMD Have Been Found
Post April 26, 2004
By Kenneth R. Timmerman

New evidence out of Iraq suggests that the U.S. effort to track down Saddam Hussein's missing weapons of mass destruction (WMD) is having better success than is being reported. Key assertions by the intelligence community that were widely judged in the media and by critics of President George W. Bush as having been false are turning out to have been true after all. But this stunning news has received little attention from the major media, and the president's critics continue to insist that "no weapons" have been found.

In virtually every case - chemical, biological, nuclear and ballistic missiles - the United States has found the weapons and the programs that the Iraqi dictator successfully concealed for 12 years from U.N. weapons inspectors.

The Iraq Survey Group (ISG), whose intelligence analysts are managed by Charles Duelfer, a former State Department official and deputy chief of the U.N.-led arms-inspection teams, has found "hundreds of cases of activities that were prohibited" under U.N. Security Council resolutions, a senior administration official tells Insight. "There is a long list of charges made by the U.S. that have been confirmed, but none of this seems to mean anything because the weapons that were unaccounted for by the United Nations remain unaccounted for."

Both Duelfer and his predecessor, David Kay, reported to Congress that the evidence they had found on the ground in Iraq showed Saddam's regime was in "material violation" of U.N. Security Council Resolution 1441, the last of 17 resolutions that promised "serious consequences" if Iraq did not make a complete disclosure of its weapons programs and dismantle them in a verifiable manner. The United States cited Iraq's refusal to comply with these demands as one justification for going to war.

Both Duelfer and Kay found that Iraq had "a clandestine network of laboratories and safe houses with equipment that was suitable to continuing its prohibited chemical- and biological-weapons [BW] programs," the official said. "They found a prison laboratory where we suspect they tested biological weapons on human subjects." They found equipment for "uranium-enrichment centrifuges" whose only plausible use was as part of a clandestine nuclear-weapons program. In all these cases, "Iraqi scientists had been told before the war not to declare their activities to the U.N. inspectors," the official said.

But while the president's critics and the media might plausibly hide behind ambiguity and a lack of sensational-looking finds for not reporting some discoveries, in the case of Saddam's ballistic-missile programs they have no excuse for their silence. "Where were the missiles? We found them," another senior administration official told Insight.

"Saddam Hussein's prohibited missile programs are as close to a slam dunk as you will ever find for violating United Nations resolutions," the first official said. Both senior administration officials spoke to Insight on condition that neither their name nor their agency be identified, but their accounts of what the United States has found in Iraq coincided in every major area.

When former weapons inspector Kay reported to Congress in January that the United States had found "no stockpiles" of forbidden weapons in Iraq, his conclusions made front-page news. But when he detailed what the ISG had found in testimony before the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence last October, few took notice. Among Kay's revelations, which officials tell Insight have been amplified in subsequent inspections in recent weeks:

- A prison laboratory complex that may have been used for human testing of BW agents and "that Iraqi officials working to prepare the U.N. inspections were explicitly ordered not to declare to the U.N." Why was Saddam interested in testing biological-warfare agents on humans if he didn't have a biological-weapons program?

- "Reference strains" of a wide variety of biological-weapons agents were found beneath the sink in the home of a prominent Iraqi BW scientist. "We thought it was a big deal," a senior administration official said. "But it has been written off [by the press] as a sort of 'starter set.'"

- New research on BW-applicable agents, brucella and Congo-Crimean hemorrhagic fever, and continuing work on ricin and aflatoxin that were not declared to the United Nations.

- A line of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, "not fully declared at an undeclared production facility and an admission that they had tested one of their declared UAVs out to a range of 500 kilometers [311 miles], 350 kilometers [217 miles] beyond the permissible limit."

- "Continuing covert capability to manufacture fuel propellant useful only for prohibited Scud-variant missiles, a capability that was maintained at least until the end of 2001 and that cooperating Iraqi scientists have said they were told to conceal from the U.N."

- "Plans and advanced design work for new long-range missiles with ranges up to at least 1,000 kilometers [621 miles] - well beyond the 150-kilometer-range limit [93 miles] imposed by the U.N. Missiles of a 1,000-kilometer range would have allowed Iraq to threaten targets throughout the Middle East, including Ankara [Turkey], Cairo [Egypt] and Abu Dhabi [United Arab Emirates]."

- In addition, through interviews with Iraqi scientists, seized documents and other evidence, the ISG learned the Iraqi government had made "clandestine attempts between late 1999 and 2002 to obtain from North Korea technology related to 1,300-kilometer-range [807 miles] ballistic missiles - probably the No Dong - 300-kilometer-range [186 miles] antiship cruise missiles and other prohibited military equipment," Kay reported.

In testimony before Congress on March 30, Duelfer, revealed that the ISG had found evidence of a "crash program" to construct new plants capable of making chemical- and biological-warfare agents. The ISG also found a previously undeclared program to build a "high-speed rail gun," a device apparently designed for testing nuclear-weapons materials. That came in addition to 500 tons of natural uranium stockpiled at Iraq's main declared nuclear site south of Baghdad, which International Atomic Energy Agency spokesman Mark Gwozdecky acknowledged to Insight had been intended for "a clandestine nuclear-weapons program."

In taking apart Iraq's clandestine procurement network, Duelfer said his investigators had discovered that "the primary source of illicit financing for this system was oil smuggling conducted through government-to-government protocols negotiated with neighboring countries [and] from kickback payments made on contracts set up through the U.N. oil-for-food program" [see "Documents Prove U.N. Oil Corruption," April 27-May 10].

What the president's critics and the media widely have portrayed as the most dramatic failure of the U.S. case against Saddam has been the claimed failure to find "stockpiles" of chemical and biological weapons. But in a June 2003 Washington Post op-ed, former chief U.N. weapons inspector Rolf Ekeus called such criticism "a distortion and a trivialization of a major threat to international peace and security."

The October 2002 National Intelligence Estimate on Iraqi Weapons of Mass Destruction concluded that Saddam "probably has stocked at least 100 metric tons (MT) and possibly as much as 500 MT of CW [chemical warfare] agents - much of it added in the last year." That assessment was based, in part, on conclusions contained in the final report from U.N. weapons inspectors in 1999, which highlighted discrepancies in what the Iraqis reported to the United Nations and the amount of precursor chemicals U.N. arms inspectors could document Iraq had imported but for which it no longer could account. Until now, Bush's critics say, no stockpiles of CW agents made with those precursors have been found. The snap conclusion they draw is that the administration "lied" to the American people to create a pretext for invading Iraq.

But what are "stockpiles" of CW agents supposed to look like? Was anyone seriously expecting Saddam to have left behind freshly painted warehouses packed with chemical munitions, all neatly laid out in serried rows, with labels written in English? Or did they think that a captured Saddam would guide U.S. troops to smoking vats full of nerve gas in an abandoned factory? In fact, as recent evidence made public by a former operations officer for the Coalition Provisional Authority's (CPA's) intelligence unit in Iraq shows, some of those stockpiles have been found - not all at once, and not all in nice working order - but found all the same.

Douglas Hanson was a U.S. Army cavalry reconnaissance officer for 20 years, and a veteran of Gulf War I. He was an atomic demolitions munitions security officer and a nuclear, biological and chemical defense officer. As a civilian analyst in Iraq last summer, he worked for an operations intelligence unit of the CPA in Iraq, and later, with the newly formed Ministry of Science and Technology, which was responsible for finding new, nonlethal employment for Iraqi WMD scientists.

In an interview with Insight and in an article he wrote for the online magazine AmericanThinker.com, Hanson examines reports from U.S. combat units and public information confirming that many of Iraq's CW stockpiles have indeed been found. Until now, however, journalists have devoted scant attention to this evidence, in part because it contradicts the story line they have been putting forward since the U.S.-led inspections began after the war.

But another reason for the media silence may stem from the seemingly undramatic nature of the "finds" Hanson and others have described. The materials that constitute Saddam's chemical-weapons "stockpiles" look an awful lot like pesticides, which they indeed resemble. "Pesticides are the key elements in the chemical-agent arena," Hanson says. "In fact, the general pesticide chemical formula (organophosphate) is the 'grandfather' of modern-day nerve agents."

The United Nations was fully aware that Saddam had established his chemical-weapons plants under the guise of a permitted civilian chemical-industry infrastructure. Plants inspected in the early 1990s as CW production facilities had been set up to appear as if they were producing pesticides - or in the case of a giant plant near Fallujah, chlorine, which is used to produce mustard gas.

When coalition forces entered Iraq, "huge warehouses and caches of 'commercial and agricultural' chemicals were seized and painstakingly tested by Army and Marine chemical specialists," Hanson writes. "What was surprising was how quickly the ISG refuted the findings of our ground forces and how silent they have been on the significance of these caches."

Caches of "commercial and agricultural" chemicals don't match the expectation of "stockpiles" of chemical weapons. But, in fact, that is precisely what they are. "At a very minimum," Hanson tells Insight, "they were storing the precursors to restart a chemical-warfare program very quickly." Kay and Duelfer came to a similar conclusion, telling Congress under oath that Saddam had built new facilities and stockpiled the materials to relaunch production of chemical and biological weapons at a moment's notice.

At Karbala, U.S. troops stumbled upon 55-gallon drums of pesticides at what appeared to be a very large "agricultural supply" area, Hanson says. Some of the drums were stored in a "camouflaged bunker complex" that was shown to reporters - with unpleasant results. "More than a dozen soldiers, a Knight-Ridder reporter, a CNN cameraman, and two Iraqi POWs came down with symptoms consistent with exposure to a nerve agent," Hanson says. "But later ISG tests resulted in a proclamation of negative, end of story, nothing to see here, etc., and the earlier findings and injuries dissolved into nonexistence. Left unexplained is the small matter of the obvious pains taken to disguise the cache of ostensibly legitimate pesticides. One wonders about the advantage an agricultural-commodities business gains by securing drums of pesticide in camouflaged bunkers 6 feet underground. The 'agricultural site' was also colocated with a military ammunition dump - evidently nothing more than a coincidence in the eyes of the ISG."

That wasn't the only significant find by coalition troops of probable CW stockpiles, Hanson believes. Near the northern Iraqi town of Bai'ji, where Saddam had built a chemical-weapons plant known to the United States from nearly 12 years of inspections, elements of the 4th Infantry Division found 55-gallon drums containing a substance identified through mass spectrometry analysis as cyclosarin - a nerve agent. Nearby were surface-to-surface and surface-to-air missiles, gas masks and a mobile laboratory that could have been used to mix chemicals at the site. "Of course, later tests by the experts revealed that these were only the ubiquitous pesticides that everybody was turning up," Hanson says. "It seems Iraqi soldiers were obsessed with keeping ammo dumps insect-free, according to the reading of the evidence now enshrined by the conventional wisdom that 'no WMD stockpiles have been discovered.'"

At Taji - an Iraqi weapons complex as large as the District of Columbia - U.S. combat units discovered more "pesticides" stockpiled in specially built containers, smaller in diameter but much longer than the standard 55-gallon drum. Hanson says he still recalls the military sending digital images of the canisters to his office, where his boss at the Ministry of Science and Technology translated the Arabic-language markings. "They were labeled as pesticides," he says. "Gee, you sure have got a lot of pesticides stored in ammo dumps."

Again, this January, Danish forces found 120-millimeter mortar shells filled with a mysterious liquid that initially tested positive for blister agents. But subsequent tests by the United States disputed that finding. "If it wasn't a chemical agent, what was it?" Hanson asks. "More pesticides? Dish-washing detergent? From this old soldier's perspective, I gain nothing from putting a liquid in my mortar rounds unless that stuff will do bad things to the enemy."

The discoveries Hanson describes are not dramatic. And that's the problem: Finding real stockpiles in grubby ammo dumps doesn't fit the image the media and the president's critics carefully have fed to the public of what Iraq's weapons ought to look like.

A senior administration official who has gone through the intelligence reporting from Iraq as well as the earlier reports from U.N. arms inspectors refers to another well-documented allegation. "The Iraqis admitted they had made 3.9 tons of VX," a powerful nerve gas, but claimed they had never weaponized it. The U.N. inspectors "felt they had more. But where did it go?" The Iraqis never provided any explanation of what had happened to their VX stockpiles.

What does 3.9 tons of VX look like? "It could fit in one large garage," the official says. Assuming, of course, that Saddam would assemble every bit of VX gas his scientists had produced at a single site, that still amounts to one large garage in an area the size of the state of California.

Senior administration officials stress that the investigation will continue as inspectors comb through millions of pages of documents in Iraq and attempt to interview Iraqi weapons scientists who have been trained all their professional lives to conceal their activities from the outside world.

"The conditions under which the ISG is working are not very conducive," one official said. "But this president wants the truth to come out. This is not an exercise in spinning or censoring."

For more on WMD, read "Iraqi Weapons in Syria"

Link

Iraqi Weapons in Syria
Post April 26, 2004
By Kenneth R. Timmerman

On Dec. 24, 2002, nearly three months before fighting in Iraq began, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon accused Saddam Hussein's regime of transferring key materials for his weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs to Syria in convoys of 18-wheel trucks to hide them from U.N. weapons inspectors. "There is information we are verifying, but we are certain that Iraq has recently moved chemical or biological weapons into Syria," Sharon told Channel Two television in Israel.

Before talking about this on Israeli television, Sharon gave detailed information to the Bush White House on what Israel knew and what it suspected. Insight has learned, however, that once the information was handed over to the U.S. intelligence community, officials at the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR) swept it aside as lacking credibility.

In May 2003, just as major combat operations in Iraq were winding down, new reports surfaced in Israel, this time alleging that convoys of Iraqi water tankers carrying WMD components crossed the border into Syria repeatedly between Jan. 10 and March 10. The tankers reportedly were met by Syrian special forces and escorted to the heroin poppy fields of a Syrian-controlled area in Lebanon's Bek√°a Valley, where their contents were dumped into specially prepared pits and buried. Again, INR discounted the reports, U.S. officials tell Insight.

Reports of Iraqi WMD winding up in Syria were not just coming from the Israelis. In October 2003, retired Air Force Lt. Gen. James Clapper, head of the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, revealed that vehicle traffic photographed by U.S. spy satellites indicated that material and documents related to Saddam's forbidden WMD programs had been shipped to Syria before the war. It was no surprise that the United States and its allies had not found stockpiles of forbidden weapons in Iraq, Clapper told a breakfast briefing given to reporters in Washington. "Those below the senior leadership saw what was coming, and I think they went to extraordinary lengths to dispose of the evidence," he said.

"We have had six or seven credible reports of Iraqi weapons being moved into Syria before the war," a senior administration official tells Insight. "In every case, the U.S. intelligence community sought to discount or discredit those reports."

This January, after he returned to Washington from Iraq, where for six months he had served as the CIA's top gun with the Iraq Survey Group hunting for Saddam's banned weapons, David Kay said he had uncovered evidence that weapons material had been moved to Syria shortly before the war. "We are not talking about a large stockpile of weapons," he told the Sunday Telegraph in London. "But we know from some of the interrogations of former Iraqi officials that a lot of material went to Syria before the war, including some components of Saddam's WMD program. Precisely what went to Syria, and what has happened to it, is a major issue that needs to be resolved."

Another piece of this puzzle was provided by a Syrian intelligence officer in letters smuggled to an antiregime activist living in Paris named Nizar Nayouf. In one letter the source identified three locations in Syria where WMD materials had been buried under an agreement between the Syrian and Iraqi leadership. Two of the sites were specially dug underground bunkers and tunnels. The third site was a factory operated by the Syrian air force in the village of Tal Sinan, located between the cities of Hama and Salimiyyah. In a follow-up letter dated Jan. 7, Nayouf's source provided more details on these locations, along with a map, and alleged that some of the weapons had been moved out of Iraq in ambulances.

So are Saddam's WMD stockpiles in Syria? When Insight asked the CIA if it was investigating these and other reports, a spokesman acknowledged there was "some evidence that way" and that the United States was "looking at all types of possibilities," but vigorously discouraged further inquiries. Administration officials tell Insight that the refusal to report on Syria's complicity with Saddam's regime stems from a "pro-Syria bias in the State Department and some elements of the intelligence community, whose threshold for evidence on Syria is suspiciously high."

Shoshana Bryen regularly escorts groups of retired U.S. military flag officers (admirals and generals) to Israel for meetings with senior Israeli political and military leaders, as well as intelligence officials. "We went to Israel just before the war and just after," she tells Insight. "Both times, Israeli intelligence officials told us, yes, WMD were definitely in Iraq, and that they had been sent to Syria." The Bush administration was trying to downplay these reports, she believes, "because if Iraqi weapons are in Syria, we're going to have to do something about it, and they don't want another war."

Return to "Saddam's WMD Have Been Found"

Kenneth R. Timmerman is a senior writer for Insight.

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Type: Discussion • Score: 2 • Views: 9,311 • Replies: 162
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Setanta
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 12:41 pm
Y'all gettin' a little desparate to make the case these days, Boss?
0 Replies
 
PDiddie
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 12:42 pm
Isn't this just pathetic?

"Insight" Magazine.

These neoconservative 'news sources' seemingly sprout like mushrooms in cowshit after a downpour.

One just shouldn't look in...
0 Replies
 
McGentrix
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 12:45 pm
Tarantulas, unless we find a nuclear warhead with instructions on it to be detonated in Washington D.C., the left won't be happy or satisfied. It doesn't matter what we have found or uncovered. Unless you can show a picture of Saddam holding a current newspaper in from of 55gallon barrels of VX gas, they won't care.
0 Replies
 
Setanta
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 12:47 pm
Although we will always care that the nation was cozened into war based upon a specious claim that Hussein had WoMD which would be deployed and launched within 45 minutes--given that no evidence of this has ever been found.
0 Replies
 
McGentrix
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 12:49 pm
yet.

You forgot to say "yet.".
0 Replies
 
Tarantulas
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 12:52 pm
McGentrix wrote:
Tarantulas, unless we find a nuclear warhead with instructions on it to be detonated in Washington D.C., the left won't be happy or satisfied. It doesn't matter what we have found or uncovered. Unless you can show a picture of Saddam holding a current newspaper in from of 55gallon barrels of VX gas, they won't care.

I know, I know. I keep hoping one of them will read the articles though. Laughing
0 Replies
 
greenumbrella
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 01:06 pm
There was a rport on BBC radio this morning that said US forces had found a perfume factory and the reader said he fully expected the Americans to say this was the great WMD mystery solved at last.
0 Replies
 
Setanta
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 01:06 pm
I read them, more's the pity . . . and saw a lot of meaningless quibbling about "material violations" of 1441, none of which justify the hysteria promoted by the Shrub and company as an excuse to wage his grudge match against the bad boy who dissed his daddy . . .
0 Replies
 
Tarantulas
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 01:28 pm
You buy 'em books and send 'em to school and they tear off the covers and eat the pages...
0 Replies
 
Setanta
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 01:30 pm
S'ok, Tarantulas, you're eating habits vis-a-vis reading are not a subject upon which we will tax you. Want some ketchup for your civics text there, Boss?
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Foxfyre
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 01:31 pm
I don't know how credible the article is until it is collaborated by other source or sources. It is always dangerous to dismiss information out of hand, however. Most members of A2K despise Matt Drudge, for instance, yet his daily news leads almost always are reported by numerous major news sources within 24-48 hours of Drudge 'outing' the news. Therefore, it is dangerous to dismiss the content purely on the basis of the source.

Be wary of uncollaborated information from a dubious source, yes always.

Having said that, ABC news produced a VIDEO TAPE of John Kerry flat out saying that he threw away his war medals. And we have recent VIDEO of John Kerry giving at least 3 different other versions of what happened that day. Yet many members here on A2K refuse to believe that he misrepresented (lied about) it.

So we could have footage of them dragging nukes and barrels of mustard gas out of the basement of a presidential mansion in Iraq and those who don't want to believe it won't. One writer from a conservative publication reporting it won't make the point and probably shouldn't.

I sure hope he's right though.
0 Replies
 
Tarantulas
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 01:37 pm
Foxfyre, your signature says it all...
0 Replies
 
kickycan
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 01:51 pm
0 Replies
 
joefromchicago
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 02:22 pm
McGentrix wrote:
yet.

You forgot to say "yet.".

Quite right. And I would just add that we haven't found the Loch Ness Monster. YET.
We haven't found Sasquatch. YET.
We haven't found space aliens. YET.
We haven't found any ghosts. YET.
We haven't found the Holy Grail. YET.
We haven't found evidence of compassionate conservatism. YET.
We haven't found the money to pay for Bush's tax cuts. YET.

Our unbroken record of failure in these cases is no guarantee that these particular items don't exist, it's just evidence that they haven't been found.

YET.
0 Replies
 
Walter Hinteler
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 02:26 pm
And, Joe, what about the "anthrax murderer"?
0 Replies
 
Brandon9000
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 02:30 pm
joefromchicago wrote:
McGentrix wrote:
yet.

You forgot to say "yet.".

Quite right. And I would just add that we haven't found the Loch Ness Monster. YET.
We haven't found Sasquatch. YET.
We haven't found space aliens. YET.
We haven't found any ghosts. YET.
We haven't found the Holy Grail. YET.
We haven't found evidence of compassionate conservatism. YET.
We haven't found the money to pay for Bush's tax cuts. YET.

Our unbroken record of failure in these cases is no guarantee that these particular items don't exist, it's just evidence that they haven't been found.

YET.

Joe,

Iraq had WMD, used them, lied about them. The only point of debate is how recently. It seems self-evident to me that the likelihood that Iraq had them immediately before invasion and that they still exist somewhere is not on a par with the likelihood of finding ghosts, sasquatch, the Holy Grail, etc. This is a poor comparison, is it not?
0 Replies
 
Setanta
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 02:31 pm
Joe, Brandon has a good point--we likely will find the Sasquatch before we find the WoMD . . .
0 Replies
 
Walter Hinteler
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 02:32 pm
Well, iI'm wondering, why this monumental discovery isn't being splashed all over the world media.

So it's surely because of a left-wing conspiracy

(Of course NOT because the article is right-wing propaganda published by Insight magazine, which is owned by the Washington Times, which is in turn owned by the Korean Rev. Sun Myung Moon of the "Moonies" fame!)

So, if you believe Insight magazine, WMDs are about to be served up for this election year's "October Surprise".
Of course, if you believe Rush Limbaugh, Saddam's WMD's have been found in Syria and Holland.
If you believe Al-Jazeerah, Saddam's WMDs are being trucked into Iraq by Americans under cover of darkness.

Most important, however, 51% of Americans still believe Saddam had WMD.
0 Replies
 
Brandon9000
 
  1  
Reply Thu 29 Apr, 2004 02:34 pm
Setanta wrote:
Joe, Brandon has a good point--we likely will find the Sasquatch before we find the WoMD . . .

I assert that the likelihood of finding these devices which are entirely possible to build or buy, and which Iraq has been known to possess previously, is far higher than the likelihood of finding a sasquatch. I take it that you are maintaining the opposite? I think that you are mistaken.
0 Replies
 
 

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