Sure. I bet they also listen if you speak can opener.
Once I had forgotten that one of my cats was outside and it was the next morning
until I remember and open the door for him to come in.
As he walked by me while looking directly at me he curse me in a very loud voice
and did not shut up until he had reached his food bowl.
So yes cats with special note of unhappy cats can indeed talk back
to you and in a disrespectful manner at that.
Thay can be VOCAL
A while ago, I had a fire
in NY, after which one of my nabors
captured one of my tenant's cats and put him into a crate,
inside the house. He appeared to deem his life to be in danger; it was not.
a lot louder
& longer than I thawt thay cud.
He did not mind being redundantly repetitive
in making his freedom-loving point.
His humen were away until the next day.