Where I live, Socialism is a political position
Yes. You are describing a socialist-leaning politics working to install a socialist economy. Some such governments succeed and some (like USSR and China) fail. But since the "enemy" is an economic system, -capitalism, -then socialism has to ultimately be an economy. Marx said that the economic system is the foundation from which all else, including politics and culture, spring. By having a socialist government, countries put the cart before the horse. And whatever economy exists or is established is what determines the ultimate form of government.
I don't know what country you're from, but it sounds likely that it is based on democratic socialism or social democracy. And many of those countries are having problems with right wing politics trying to deceive the people and increase capitalism. That wouldn't be allowed under true socialism.
we've got our political Socialist party since more than 150 years now. We've never had such what you describe above
Yes, your country has not succeeded in completely transforming the economy and you still struggle against capitalist private profit, don't you. As you say, it has been 150 years and you still don't have a socialist economy.