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How the Nazis took over Austria

 
 
Reply Tue 1 Jan, 2013 12:42 pm
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/2973916/posts

Quote:

December 22, 2012 - “What I am about to tell you is something you’ve probably never heard or read in history books,” she likes to tell audiences.

“I am a witness to history.

“I cannot tell you that Hitler took Austria by tanks and guns; it would distort history.

If you remember the plot of the Sound of Music, the Von Trapp family escaped over the Alps rather than submit to the Nazis. Kitty wasn’t so lucky. Her family chose to stay in her native Austria. She was 10 years old, but bright and aware. And she was watching.

“We elected him by a landslide – 98 percent of the vote,” she recalls.

She wasn’t old enough to vote in 1938 – approaching her 11th birthday. But she remembers.

“Everyone thinks that Hitler just rolled in with his tanks and took Austria by force.”

No so.

Hitler is welcomed to Austria

“In 1938, Austria was in deep Depression. Nearly one-third of our workforce was unem- ployed. We had 25 percent inflation and 25 percent bank loan interest rates.

Farmers and business people were declaring bankruptcy daily. Young people were go- ing from house to house begging for food. Not that they didn’t want to work; there simply weren’t any jobs.

“My mother was a Christian woman and believed in helping people in need. Every day we cooked a big kettle of soup and baked bread to feed those poor, hungry people – about 30 daily.’

“We looked to our neighbor on the north, Germany, where Hitler had been in power since 1933.” she recalls. “We had been told that they didn’t have unemployment or crime, and they had a high standard of living.

Austrian girls welcome Hitler

“Nothing was ever said about persecution of any group – Jewish or otherwise. We were led to believe that everyone in Germany was happy. We wanted the same way of life in Austria. We were promised that a vote for Hitler would mean the end of unemployment and help for the family. Hitler also said that businesses would be assisted, and farmers would get their farms back.

“Ninety-eight percent of the population voted to annex Austria to Germany and have Hitler for our ruler.

“We were overjoyed,” remembers Kitty, “and for three days we danced in the streets and had candlelight parades. The new government opened up big field kitchens and everyone was fed.

Austrians saluting

“After the election, German officials were appointed, and like a miracle, we suddenly had law and order. Three or four weeks later, everyone was employed. The government made sure that a lot of work was created through the Public Work Service.

“Hitler decided we should have equal rights for women. Before this, it was a custom that married Austrian women did not work outside the home. An able-bodied husband would be looked down on if he couldn’t support his family. Many women in the teach- ing profession were elated that they could retain the jobs they previously had been re- quired to give up for marriage.

“Then we lost religious education for kids

Poster promoting "Hitler Youth"

“Our education was nationalized. I attended a very good public school.. The population was predominantly Catholic, so we had religion in our schools. The day we elected Hitler (March 13, 1938), I walked into my schoolroom to find the crucifix replaced by Hitler’s picture hanging next to a Nazi flag. Our teacher, a very devout woman, stood up and told the class we wouldn’t pray or have religion anymore. Instead, we sang ‘Deutschland, Deutschland, Uber Alles,’ and had physical education.

“Sunday became National Youth Day with compulsory attendance. Parents were not pleased about the sudden change in curriculum. They were told that if they did not send us, they would receive a stiff letter of warning the first time. The second time they would be fined the equivalent of $300, and the third time they would be subject to jail.”
And then things got worse.

“The first two hours consisted of political indoctrination. The rest of the day we had sports. As time went along, we loved it. Oh, we had so much fun and got our sports equipment free.

“We would go home and gleefully tell our parents about the wonderful time we had.

“My mother was very unhappy,” remembers Kitty. “When the next term started, she took me out of public school and put me in a convent. I told her she couldn’t do that and she told me that someday when I grew up, I would be grateful. There was a very good curriculum, but hardly any fun – no sports, and no political indoctrination.

“I hated it at first but felt I could tolerate it. Every once in a while, on holidays, I went home. I would go back to my old friends and ask what was going on and what they were doing.

A pro-Hitler rally

“Their loose lifestyle was very alarming to me. They lived without religion. By that time, unwed mothers were glorified for having a baby for Hitler.

“It seemed strange to me that our society changed so suddenly. As time went along, I realized what a great deed my mother did so that I wasn’t exposed to that kind of hu- manistic philosophy.

“In 1939, the war started and a food bank was established. All food was rationed and could only be purchased using food stamps. At the same time, a full-employment law was passed which meant if you didn’t work, you didn’t get a ration card, and if you didn’t have a card, you starved to death.

“Women who stayed home to raise their families didn’t have any marketable skills and often had to take jobs more suited for men.

“Soon after this, the draft was implemented.

Young Austrians

“It was compulsory for young people, male and female, to give one year to the labor corps,” remembers Kitty. “During the day, the girls worked on the farms, and at night they returned to their barracks for military training just like the boys.

“They were trained to be anti-aircraft gunners and participated in the signal corps. After the labor corps, they were not discharged but were used in the front lines.
“When I go back to Austria to visit my family and friends, most of these women are emotional cripples because they just were not equipped to handle the horrors of combat.
“Three months before I turned 18, I was severely injured in an air raid attack. I nearly had a leg amputated, so I was spared having to go into the labor corps and into military service.

“When the mothers had to go out into the work force, the government immediately es- tablished child care centers.
“You could take your children ages four weeks old to school age and leave them there around-the-clock, seven days a week, under the total care of the government.

“The state raised a whole generation of children. There were no motherly women to take care of the children, just people highly trained in child psychology. By this time, no one talked about equal rights. We knew we had been had.

“Before Hitler, we had very good medical care. Many American doctors trained at the University of Vienna..
“After Hitler, health care was socialized, free for everyone. Doctors were salaried by the government. The problem was, since it was free, the people were going to the doctors for everything.

“When the good doctor arrived at his office at 8 a.m., 40 people were already waiting and, at the same time, the hospitals were full.

“If you needed elective surgery, you had to wait a year or two for your turn. There was no money for research as it was poured into socialized medicine. Research at the med- ical schools literally stopped, so the best doctors left Austria and emigrated to other countries.

“As for healthcare, our tax rates went up to 80 percent of our income. Newlyweds immediately received a $1,000 loan from the government to establish a household. We had big programs for families.

“All day care and education were free. High schools were taken over by the government and college tuition was subsidized. Everyone was entitled to free handouts, such as food stamps, clothing, and housing.

“We had another agency designed to monitor business. My brother-in-law owned a restaurant that had square tables. “ Government officials told him he had to replace them with round tables because peo- ple might bump themselves on the corners. Then they said he had to have additional bathroom facilities. It was just a small dairy business with a snack bar. He couldn’t meet all the demands.

“Soon, he went out of business. If the government owned the large businesses and not many small ones existed, it could be in control.

“We had consumer protection, too

Austrian kids loyal to Hitler

“We were told how to shop and what to buy. Free enterprise was essentially abolished. We had a planning agency specially designed for farmers. The agents would go to the farms, count the live-stock, and then tell the farmers what to produce, and how to produce it.

“In 1944, I was a student teacher in a small village in the Alps. The villagers were surrounded by mountain passes which, in the winter, were closed off with snow, causing people to be isolated.

“So people intermarried and offspring were sometimes retarded. When I arrived, I was told there were 15 mentally retarded adults, but they were all useful and did good man- ual work.

“I knew one, named Vincent, very well. He was a janitor of the school. One day I looked out the window and saw Vincent and others getting into a van.

“I asked my superior where they were going. She said to an institution where the State Health Department would teach them a trade, and to read and write. The families were required to sign papers with a little clause that they could not visit for 6 months.

“They were told visits would interfere with the program and might cause homesickness.

“As time passed, letters started to dribble back saying these people died a natural, merciful death. The villagers were not fooled. We suspected what was happening. Those people left in excellent physical health and all died within 6 months. We called this euthanasia.

“Next came gun registration. People were getting injured by guns. Hitler said that the real way to catch criminals (we still had a few) was by matching serial numbers on guns. Most citizens were law abiding and dutifully marched to the police station to register their firearms. Not long afterwards, the police said that it was best for everyone to turn in their guns. The authorities already knew who had them, so it was futile not to comply voluntarily.

“No more freedom of speech. Anyone who said something against the government was taken away. We knew many people who were arrested, not only Jews, but also priests and ministers who spoke up.

“Totalitarianism didn’t come quickly, it took 5 years from 1938 until 1943, to realize full dictatorship in Austria. Had it happened overnight, my countrymen would have fought to the last breath. Instead, we had creeping gradualism. Now, our only weapons were broom handles. The whole idea sounds almost unbelievable that the state, little by little eroded our freedom.”

“This is my eye-witness account.

“It’s true. Those of us who sailed past the Statue of Liberty came to a country of unbelievable freedom and opportunity.

“America is truly is the greatest country in the world. “Don’t let freedom slip away.

“After America, there is no place to go.”

~ Kitty Werthmann
 
parados
 
  3  
Reply Tue 1 Jan, 2013 12:58 pm
@gungasnake,
So let me get this straight.
Full employment is bad because it's like Hitler in Austria.
Ending a depression is bad because it's like Hitler in Austria.
Law and order is bad because it's like Hitler in Austria.
Equal rights for women is bad because it's like Hitler in Austria.
Compulsory attendance for children at any event is bad because it's like Hitler in Austria.
Requiring young adults to contribute to a war effort is bad because it's like Hitler in Austria.

Lest you forget gunga... breathing oxygen is bad because it's like Hitler in Austria.
Walter Hinteler
 
  1  
Reply Tue 1 Jan, 2013 01:12 pm
@gungasnake,
gungasnake wrote:

Quote:

December 22, 2012 - “What I am about to tell you is something you’ve probably never heard or read in history books,” she likes to tell audiences.

You can read the history in any (European) history book.
gungasnake wrote:

Quote:

“Everyone thinks that Hitler just rolled in with his tanks and took Austria by force.”

The terminus technicus here is "Anschluss". And what that means ... can be read in history books.
gungasnake wrote:

Quote:

“Before Hitler, we had very good medical care. Many American doctors trained at the University of Vienna..
“After Hitler, health care was socialized, free for everyone. Doctors were salaried by the government. The problem was, since it was free, the people were going to the doctors for everything.

Well, that statement isn't really true: mandotary health care for workers and employees was introduced in Austria in 1888/1889 ("Arbeiterkrankenkasse", "Gebietskrankenkasse").
From 1920 onwards, civil servants and others joined different mandatory health insurances.

All these insurance companies were more or less local "co-ops". That changed from 1938 onwards when the German "Bismarck model" was taken as well.

Healthcare wasn't free then (as it hadn't been before).

Doctors were never salaried in Austria by the government (if they aren't working as civil servants) - they got and get their bills paid by the insurance companies
0 Replies
 
Walter Hinteler
 
  2  
Reply Tue 1 Jan, 2013 01:26 pm
@parados,
Perhaps it's gunga's idea about it, I don't know.


But:
in 1921, 98.1% of the citizens of Tirol (state) voted pro joining Germany. In the same year, the vote in Salzburg (state) was 99.3 % to join Germany.
Before other Austrian could make similar voting, this was forbidden by the countries which guaranteed the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (especially by France).
0 Replies
 
Kolyo
 
  3  
Reply Tue 1 Jan, 2013 01:28 pm
@gungasnake,
gungasnake wrote:


the woman quoted wrote:

“Hitler decided we should have equal rights for women. Before this, it was a custom that married Austrian women did not work outside the home. An able-bodied husband would be looked down on if he couldn’t support his family. Many women in the teach- ing profession were elated that they could retain the jobs they previously had been re- quired to give up for marriage.




Well, you've just about convinced me a woman's place is in the home.

Also, don't forget that Hitler walked on two legs, so we'd all better start crawling around on four.
0 Replies
 
gungasnake
 
  -1  
Reply Tue 1 Jan, 2013 02:16 pm
The point:

Quote:
“Totalitarianism didn’t come quickly, it took 5 years from 1938 until 1943, to realize full dictatorship in Austria. Had it happened overnight, my countrymen would have fought to the last breath. Instead, we had creeping gradualism. Now, our only weapons were broom handles. ...”
Walter Hinteler
 
  2  
Reply Tue 1 Jan, 2013 02:33 pm
@gungasnake,
Obviously, the author was too young or had forgotten about it.

But you, gunga, certainly are too uneducated to know something about the 1rst Austrian Republic's history, Austrofascism, the Heimwehr, the July Revolt, ... ... ...
0 Replies
 
Foofie
 
  1  
Reply Tue 1 Jan, 2013 07:35 pm
@gungasnake,
There is also a book from the library, written by a German woman, that mentions how when many German families received packages (sent by relatives) filled with the goodies taken from occupied countries, many people were so content to have these goody packages arrive (jams, and other comestibles; also perfumes, etc.). I think that contendedness ended after the RAF and USAF had bombing campaigns.

I have also read an opinion that the German character was basically bourgeois at that time in history. Supposedly why after Kristalnacht the German people did not join in the pogrom, as Russians had earlier, in Russian history. Regardless, perhaps there is a parallel of many Americans either being, or aspiring to, being a bourgeois people. If yes, the question might be if there will be a grab for the reigns of power, one day, since in my opinion, a bourgeois people are more concerned about their creature comforts, not their freedom.

If one listens carefully to the pundits, I am hearing more than one pundit referring to the U.S. as "an experiment in democracy." An experiment???

gungasnake
 
  -1  
Reply Tue 1 Jan, 2013 08:30 pm
@Foofie,
Quote:
If one listens carefully to the pundits, I am hearing more than one pundit referring to the U.S. as "an experiment in democracy." An experiment???



At this point, the experiment has basically failed. The people of a successful democracy would not elect Bork Obunga to its presidency.
0 Replies
 
joefromchicago
 
  2  
Reply Tue 1 Jan, 2013 10:05 pm
@gungasnake,
gungasnake wrote:

The point:

Quote:
“Totalitarianism didn’t come quickly, it took 5 years from 1938 until 1943, to realize full dictatorship in Austria. Had it happened overnight, my countrymen would have fought to the last breath. Instead, we had creeping gradualism. Now, our only weapons were broom handles. ...”


The notion that the Austrians would have "fought to the last breath" if only they had known about Nazi totalitarianism is such a huge load of horseshit that only an Austrian could have come up with it. The Austrians of 1938 were fully aware of what was going on in Germany, and they liked it. And there was no "creeping totalitarianism" in Austria. Austria became just another series of Reichsgaue in Germany after the Anschluss, and it was no different from any other part of the Nazi state. If there was no totalitarianism in Austria in 1938, then there wasn't any in Berlin either.
Walter Hinteler
 
  2  
Reply Wed 2 Jan, 2013 02:03 am
@joefromchicago,
joefromchicago wrote:
The notion that the Austrians would have "fought to the last breath" if only they had known about Nazi totalitarianism is such a huge load of horseshit that only an Austrian could have come up with it.
Indeed.
They (the Austrians) like to forget that the Austrian Deutsche Nationalsozialistische Arbeiterpartei (DNSAP) was founded in 1918 (two years earlier than the DAP in Germany, six years earlier than the NSDAP in Germany). The separately founded (in 1926) Austrian Nationalsozialistische Deutscher Arbeiterverein even had "Hitlerbewegung" ('Hitler Association') in it's full and legal name: Nationalsozialistische Deutscher Arbeiterverein - Hitlerbewegung e.V. ... .....
joefromchicago
 
  2  
Reply Wed 2 Jan, 2013 07:03 am
@Walter Hinteler,
Austrians tend to forget a lot about 1938-45, and after the war the allies helped by designating Austria as the "first victim" of Nazi aggression.
Foofie
 
  1  
Reply Wed 2 Jan, 2013 09:08 am
@joefromchicago,
I had also read years ago that the Germans had to be brainwashed to accept the level/type of anti-Semitism that the Nazis promulgated; however, Austria, being 98% Catholic had a "grand tradition" of anti-Semitism for centuries. No brainwashing was needed there. Just a point to add weight to the thought that the Austrians were eager to join the Reich.
Foofie
 
  1  
Reply Wed 2 Jan, 2013 09:11 am
@joefromchicago,
joefromchicago wrote:

Austrians tend to forget a lot about 1938-45, and after the war the allies helped by designating Austria as the "first victim" of Nazi aggression.


Amazingly, it almost seems that for posterity Hitler was born and raised in Germany. No; he was Austrian, and I always wondered if he loved Austria so much he wanted to make sure that Germany would never have hegemony over Austria (once a empire in it own right) by losing the war. If there is any truth to that supposition, talk of gullibility!
0 Replies
 
Walter Hinteler
 
  2  
Reply Wed 2 Jan, 2013 10:45 am
@Foofie,
Foofie wrote:
however, Austria, being 98% Catholic had a "grand tradition" of anti-Semitism for centuries.
And what about the 13% of Austrians without any religious belief, the 6% Protestants and Evangelicals, the 4% Muslims, the 3% Orthodoxes, the ... .? (Roman Catholics are a bit above 70% of the population.)
0 Replies
 
Walter Hinteler
 
  2  
Reply Wed 2 Jan, 2013 10:55 am
@Foofie,
Foofie wrote:
Just a point to add weight to the thought that the Austrians were eager to join the Reich.
Austria had been part of the Reich from it's very beginnings until 1804 (respectively legally until 1806).

But they members of the German Bund until 1866.
The 1918 Republic of German-Austria was via their constitution part of the German Republic.
This ended, however, due to the treaty Saint-Germain-en-Laye and was manifested in the new article 88 in the Austrian constitution:
Quote:

The independence of Austria is inalienable otherwise than with the
consent of the Council of the League of Nations. Consequently Austria
undertakes in the absence of the consent of the said Council to abstain
from any act which might directly or indirectly or by any means whatever
compromise her independence, particularly, and until her admission
to membership of the League of Nations, by participation in
the affairs of another Power.
0 Replies
 
djjd62
 
  1  
Reply Wed 2 Jan, 2013 02:10 pm
Julia Gillard might be an atheist, but she's hardly a Nazi Razz
0 Replies
 
 

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