I doubt that you can write a 'general history' about gun control - it's all different not only in the various historical periods but also due to different cultures and other 'circumstances'.
The main critic, however, is when you look at it from your own present position in your backyard and think that this situation is and has to be the norm worldwide.
Take "gun control" in Germany for instance.
Until the 19th century, any control of weapons (guns) was unknown in the German countries.
This changed first during the Napoleonic wars - I've got a gun license issued by the Royaume de Westphalie
(from some maternal ancestor).
Later (1851), the Prussian Criminal Code made it an offence to deal with and to carry firearms hidden in sticks or similar.
During the period of the German Empire, there were various laws/regulations where you weren't allowed to carry arms, the dealing with weapons was more regualted, criminal acts done with firearms were punished with more prison time ... ... ....
There were some attempts by conservative parties to get a more stricter law regulating the ownership of weapons, but this was stopped by the outbreak of WWI.
The first order, which could be called "gun control" was issued in December 1918, followed by the law in 1919: you had to register your weapons, weapons were only allowed to those, who got a license ... ...
From 1920 onwards, mainly due to the results of the Spa Conference, gun laws became even more stricter than before, culminating in the gun laws of 1928, 1929 and 1931.
This changed when the Nazis came in power: suddenly, many Germans didn't have to get a license for owning guns or to register them: all Germans should get weapons to be armed ("Wehrhaftmachung des Deutschen Volkes").
Thus, there were no regulations for rifles etc at all, only when buying (not owning!) 'hand weapons', you had to get an allowance (which got civil servants, party members, car drivers, employees/workers of the railway company more or less automatically).
With the 1938 Weapons Act even more deregulations were made - now nearly everybody could own any kind of weapon.
However, with by-laws, Jews were forbidden from the manufacturing or dealing of firearms and ammunition. and Jews in Austria and Sudetenland lossed the right to possess firearms or other weapons.
After 1945, the Allied Forces didn't allow any German to carry and own weapons at all. (This ban was lifted for the police force in 1949, for Germany in 1954 ... and for the American Sector of Berlin in 2000.)
... ... ...