I don't know why people constantly troty out that old bullsh*t about the EC and slavery. In The Federalist
, #68, Alexander Hamilton wrote:
But this was to be accomplished in a special way. Instead of committing the election of the president to any established body, the choice should be made by men chosen for the special purpose, and meeting at particular times. Such men of distinction would be the most capable of deciding which presidential candidate had the best qualifications for office.
Under the plan, each state was to choose a number of electors equal to the state's number of senators and representatives in the national government. The electors would meet in each state and transmit their decision to the national government. A candidate had to obtain a majority of votes in the electoral college to be named president. In case there was not a majority, provision had been made to have the choice determined by the House of Representatives, in which each state was to have only one vote. How each state voted as a unit was to be determined, presumably, by a caucus taken among the state's delegates to the House.
People don't seem to understand that the election goes to the candidate who gets the majority of electoral votes, not simply the candidate who gets the most electoral votes. Washington, of course, was twice elected in what were basically uncontested elections. Immediately thereafter, however, in 1796 and 1800, the elections were thrown into the House, which is what the farmers anticipated happing in most elections. When an election is referred to the House, the vote is by states, without reference to the size of the congressional delegation. Among the original colonies, there were six slave states, and seven so-called "free" states. When Vermont, Kentucky and Tennessee had entered by the summer of 1796, the tally was eight and eight. Even as late as 1824, there were four candidates for the presidency, and they were all members of the Democratic-Republican Party
. There had originally been eleven candidates, but five dropped out along the way, and two more dropped out shortly before the elections. There were six candidates for Vice President, all from the Democratic-Republican Party
. The framers anticipated that in almost all elections, the results would throw the election into the House, and there, voting by states, majoritarian tyranny was blocked. It had nothing to do with slavery. The framers did not anticipate Andrew Jackson, and the creation of the first modern political party, however. In fact, they didn't have political parties in mind at all--there weren't any at the time of the constitutional convention.
There was nothing about the electoral college which worked to the advantage of slave states. This is an increasingly popular historical myth which I suspect has gained currency because like all political lies, it has been spread by those with an agenda, and has been repeated often enough that people have come to believe it. The one's with the agenda are those opposed to the EC.