We lived about 25 miles from one "city" of about 30,000 people, and 25 miles in the other direction was a city of about 150,000 people. We didn't go to the city very often, though, we had almost everything we needed where we lived.
It is ironic that Phylloxera
infestation, as it was commonly known, originally came from North America. In the late 19th century, it devastated the vineyards of Europe, especially France. They only recovered by bringing in root stocks from North America which were resistant to the infestation, especially from California, where the problem had been solved long before. I love it when the wine snobs are sipping their Pouilly-Fuissé or their Bordeaux, completely unaware that they're sipping wine from root stocks brought over from California about a century and a half ago. Them California winos produce stuff just as good, they just don't get the same money for their swill.