Wed 6 May, 2015 11:04 am
"Anionic surfactants, typically lignin sulphonates produced as a by-product of the Kraft paper making process, are used extensively. These large surfactant molecules, which are several orders of magnitude larger than any disperse dye molecule, adhere to and encapsulate the large dye pigment particle and form a stable dispersion."
If I omit "several orders of magnitude", and say "which are larger than .........", this sentence makes sense to me. But due to presence of "several orders of magnitude" makes this sentence awkward to me.
Please, help me to clarify this problem.
"Order of magnitude" is a scientific term. If two numbers differ by one order of magnitude, one is about 10 times larger than the other. If they differ by two orders of magnitude, they differ by a factor of about 100, and so on. Two numbers of the same order of magnitude have roughly the same scale: the larger value is less than ten times the smaller value.
"Several" means "more than two but not many", so if the the large surfactant molecules are several orders of magnitude larger than any disperse dye molecule, then they are at least 100 times larger, and maybe 1000 times or 10000 times larger, so you could say "very much larger", but in scientific writing it is better to be as precise as you can.
Tes nailed it. Sentences very understandable as writtten.
understandable as writtten
Yea Neo but you gotta give Ahmed credit for his determination and persistence
larger than any disperse dye molecule
Shouldn't that be "larger than any dispersed
... a byproduct of the Kraft-(?)paper-making process, are used extensively. ...molecules, several orders of magnitude... any disperse-dye molecule,.. large dye-pigment particle....
The "which are" being redundant
Hyphens often used in compound adjectives
@Tes yeux noirs,
Shouldn't that be "..... dispersed dye molecule"?
Apparently not Tes
But I gotta admit Tes that I had the same reaction
Yup. I asked my wife, who does batik and tie dyeing, and she said "Yes, disperse dyes, I use them all the time."
@Tes yeux noirs,
Aha thanks Tes. Then it needs the hyphen doesn't it