It shows that Hitler had a limited war mindset. He was shocked by Britain and France declaring war. The invasion of Poland was just to grab land. It shows that Hitler did not plan a European war. He was forced into it. He halted many military moves that speeled failure to victory. He was a filure in every aspect of his life as he was rejected by all the German institutions. Politics was the only path open. His angry speeches resonated with the German people who were also angry so this propelled him to extraordinary heights. It shows the need to see who should enter politics. The major mistakes were not to continue the Battle of Britain as the Britsh had exhausted themselves and if the Luftwaffe had kept on raiding the British air forces it would have succeeded.
This is so hopelessly wrong, i hardly know where to start, but i'll give it a shot. I guess i will have to go on for pages.
It shows that Hitler had a limited war mindset.
Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia, Poland, Holland, Belgium, France, Denmark, Norway, Yugoslavia, Greece, Tunisia, Lybia, Egypt and the Soviet Union. Do you consider that to have been a limited plan?
He was shocked by Britain and France declaring war. The invasion of Poland was just to grab land. It shows that Hitler did not plan a European war. He was forced into it.
This reeks of Neo-Nazi apologetics. Hitler left ten divisions on his western border to hold off a Franco-British invasion, because he knew that invading Poland would bring a declaration of war from those two countries. With the army he had sent into Poland, that left him no reserve at all. Invading Poland was a prelude to the plan he laid out in Mein Kampf
, in which he said that Germany should seize the Ukraine in order to get "living room." He most certainly did plan a European war, and was arrogant enough to think that he could win it.
He halted many military moves that speeled failure to victory.
Considering that he invaded the Soviet Union, this is just ludicrous. His problem was, simply, that he bit off more than he could chew.
He was a filure in every aspect of his life as he was rejected by all the German institutions. Politics was the only path open. His angry speeches resonated with the German people who were also angry so this propelled him to extraordinary heights.
There were two major political myths which arose in Germany before anyone had ever heard of Hitler. Those were the Versailles Diktat myth and the Stab in the Back myth. Hitler exploited those certainly, and that was clever politics because of the resentments and shame of the Germans--but that passage ignores Hitler's one great talent (just about his only talent), and that was gutter politics. He correctly judged Neville Chamberlain's spinelessness (it's just amazig to think that he was the son of Joe Chamberlain), and he correctly judged that the Franco-British army would not attempt the invasion of Germany in response to the invasion of Poland. That was about the last time he was right about anything in the war, and that was the judgment of a clever gutter politician, not a military man.
The major mistakes were not to continue the Battle of Britain as the Britsh had exhausted themselves and if the Luftwaffe had kept on raiding the British air forces it would have succeeded.
That was a mistake, certainly, but it is not necessarily the most important (invading the Soviet Union was his prime f*ck-up). But whoever wrote that is deluded by the popular British myth of the so-called Battle of Britain. The fighters who opposed the daylight raieds in the fall of 1940 were part of the fighter group responsible for Kent, Surrey, Sussex and the Home Counties. There were many, many more fighters and pilots available, but they were, rightly, kept in their areas of responsibility--the West Country and Wales, the Midlands (those boys saw a lot of action), the North and Scotland, and Northern Ireland. Whoever wrote this bought into the Battle of Britian myth and watches too many movies. Even in the area in which this air campaign was fought, where the factories for Supermarine and Hawker were located, the Brits didn't rely solelyon their own resources. Oh sure, the Spitfires and Hurricanes were delivered before the paint was dry, but theyused Norwegian, Belgian, French and Polish pilots as well as their own. In fact, the Poles were 40% of the pilots who fought in the Battle of Britain, and they were 40% of the pilots shot down and killed, too. Daylight raids were costing the Luftwaffe too much, and it is doubtful if they could have continued it for very long, nevermind the fact that the RAF had four times as many planes and pilots to rotate into the campaign area if they were forced to it. Churchill's "never was so much by so many to so few" was just an example of what a brilliant public speaker he was--it was nowhere near the truth.
Hitler's first major mistake was in thinking that because Chamberlain was such a wimp, the English didn't want to fight, and wouldn't fight for the long haul. He was completely ignorant of Churchill's influence and what it would mean when Winston created a National Unity government. It was largely because the English did not roll over and play dead after Dunkirk that he launnched the incredibly stupid daylight campaign against England.
An Italian officer, Giulio Douhet, articulated the concept of winning wars from the air with strategic bombing to cripple your enemies ability to wage war, and to spread terror to sap your enemy's peoples' will to fight. Hitler was a big devotee of the idea. So were a lot of other fools, he wasn't alone. General Carl Spaatz, commander of the Eighth United States Army Air Force (Strategic) and Air Marshall Arthur Harris ("Bomber Harris") of the RAF both thought the ground war was incidental, and that they could defeat Germany through strategic bombing. They refused to take orders from Eisenhower, and Eisenhower was lead to the extremity of offering to resign and go home before Marshall and Churchill forced Spaatz and Harris to take orders from him.
This lead Hitler into all manner of stupidity. Jukers dive bombers continued to be manufactured and sent to the front long after the were obsolete, because Hitler still considered them an effective terror weapon. The one thing they would really have been good for--ground support for the infanty--was something they were almost never used for. Winton rather cleverly began sending bombing misisons to Berlin, and that enraged Hitler, who switched the target from airfields in the south of England to bombing London. Far from sapping the will of the people through terror, it made them angry, and support for Churchill soared. After the big raids in early September, the Luftwaffe simply no longer had the resources for daylight bombing, and they permanently switched to night raids.
Hitler delayed the deployment of the Me262 jet fighter because he wanted a bomber--something the air frame and the small engines couldn't handle. It was available as a fighter in the spring of 1943--but the delay from the futile attempt to turn it into a bomber meant it was not deployed until it was too late for it to make any difference.
Similarly, when the V-1 weapon was ready, Hitler sent it to the coast immediatley--to bomb London. At 700 miles an hour, no fighter could shoot it down, and AA batteries couldn't track and shoot it down, either. If he had used it against the invasion beaches in Normandy, it's appalling inaccuracy wouldn't have mattered--the Bay of the Seine was so choked with shipping, and the beaches so covered with men and equipment that the V-1s couldn't have missed. But Hitler was obsessed with "strategic" targets and terror bombing.
The "Fuhrer principle" which was the application of his political manipulation techniques to the army comand was another bit of insantiy. It so blurred the lines of command, and left authority so unclear that it paralyzed the army at key junctures. On D-Day, von Ruhndstedt knew what time it was, and he ordered the 12th SS Panzergrenadier division and the Panzer Lehrer division to Normandy before dawn on June 6. He then called Jodl and told him what he had done, and asked to have the order confirmed. Jodl told him only Hitler could order the panzers to move, that Hilter was asleep and that he wasn't going to wake him up. Hitler slept until noon. The morning was overcast, and those two divisions would have made a hell of a difference. By late afternoon, when Hilter finally decided to allow them to be commited, the skies had cleared and RAF and 9th USAAF fighters tore up the roads. Those two divisions had to pull off into the woods and wait for dark. In the event, it took them five days to get to the battlefield because of the fighters prowling overhead.
Hitler was an idiot. I've hardly gotten started on the stupidity with which he cirppled the German war effort. But i'll leave it at that for now.