farmerman wrote:HOW ?
You seem to deny Russias major contribution to the defeat of Germany Dave.
From John Kegan's "The Second World War":
"Some 50 million people are estimated to have died as a result of the Second World War. By far the most grievous suffering among the comatant states was borne by the Soviet Union, which lost at least 7 million men in battle and a further 7 million civilians....The Western victors suffered proportionately and absolutely much less than any of the major allies...The Americans suffered no direct civilian casualties; their military casualties, which contrast with 1.2 million Japanese battle deathes, were 292,000, including 36,000 from the navy and 19,000 from the Marine corps."
Note: Dr. Keegan includes in the term "Western allies" the U.S., Great Britain and Great Britain's commonwealth (Australia, New Zealand, Canada, India, S. Africa). His term "major allies" includes not only the Soviet Union and France, but smaller nations which suffered devastating losses: Hungary, Romania, The Baltic States, Yugoslavia, The Netherlands, Belgium.
It is of note, too, that of all the nations involved in the Second World War, only the U.S. came out of it economically wealthier than we went into it, in fact, it was the Second World War that allowed the U.S. to establish global economic dominance.
Perhaps the other allied powers erred in forcing the Soviet Union to be the sole allied combatant for, what was it, 2 or 3 years? Churchill opened the N. Africa front to appease Stalin and keep the Soviet Union in the war, but that was a comparatively small effort which had minimal effect on the Eastern front.
This post is not intended too minimize the efforts of the very courageous U.S. combatants nor the sacrifices made by them and their families. Its purpose is to honor the efforts and sacrifices of ALL combatants and citizens of the nations involved, Germany, Japan, Italy. In Asia, Japan increasingly occupied parts of China, with devastating Chinese casualties, both military and civilian, beginning in 1931 -- most Asian nations teach that WWII began in 1937 with the official Japanese invasion of China.
The Soviet Union had skirmishes with the Japanese, including two major ones, along the Siberia-China (Mongolia?) border. Hitler had expected his Japanese allies to tie up Soviet troops in Siberia after Hitler invaded Russia, but Japan elected not to do so, thus freeing the Siberian troops to reinforce the German front. It is believed by most historians that Japan's decision not to tie up the Soviet Union's Siberian troops was due, in no small part, to the humiliating defeats Japan had previously suffered in border skirmishes with the Soviet Union.
An interesting, unsung hero in this endeavor, one man who may have saved the Eastern Front, and the Allied effort, was Soviet super-spy Richard Sorge. By accounts, Sorge was a bona fide "James Bond" who ingratiated himself in Japanese circles, and was able to communicate to Stalin by early autumn, 1941, that the Japanese military had decided not to attack the Siberian border. Stalin hesitated a short while, then began massive troop and armament transports westward to the German front.
Sorge was not the only "unsung hero" of WWII by any stretch, but he is an interesting and widely unknown character. He was caught and executed by the Japanese in 1944.