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whoever/whomever

 
 
Reply Tue 20 Jan, 2009 09:43 am
1. Give this book to whoever/whomever needs it.
2. Give this book to whoever/whomever you like.

Which pronoun should I use in each of the sentences?

Many thanks in advance.


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Type: Question • Score: 0 • Views: 1,687 • Replies: 9
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George
 
  2  
Reply Tue 20 Jan, 2009 11:04 am
@tanguatlay,
In Standard English, the case of the relative pronoun is determined by its use in
the dependent clause.
1. whoever (subject of "needs")
2. whomever (object of "like")

In Informal English, "whoever" would probably be the most common choice.
tanguatlay
 
  1  
Reply Tue 20 Jan, 2009 11:40 am
Thanks, George.
George
 
  1  
Reply Tue 20 Jan, 2009 12:35 pm
@tanguatlay,
You're welcome, tanguatlay.
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JTT
 
  0  
Reply Tue 20 Jan, 2009 02:08 pm
@George,
I disagree, George, though not entirely. 'whom' is a relic, like 'thou'. If I'm not mistaken, [I'll check when I get home], 'whom' is used less than 'who/whoever' even in Standard English.

In this, I'm not saying that 'whom' and 'whomever' are not available for use should one choose to use them.
George
 
  1  
Reply Tue 20 Jan, 2009 02:57 pm
@JTT,
Don't tell me. Tell tanguatlay.
JTT
 
  1  
Reply Tue 20 Jan, 2009 03:07 pm
@George,
Tanguatlay didn't say it, George, you did.
George
 
  2  
Reply Tue 20 Jan, 2009 03:09 pm
@JTT,
He asked for an answer. If I gave him the wrong one, tell him.
JTT
 
  0  
Reply Tue 20 Jan, 2009 06:20 pm
@George,
George, I said I disagreed, but not entirely. You described how the grammar works, when and if a speaker/writer chooses to do that. I merely pointed out that 'whom' is much like other archaic forms, though not quite as dead.
JTT
 
  1  
Reply Tue 20 Jan, 2009 07:46 pm
@JTT,
This thread is listed under "unanswered questions", George, so it seems the hampster isn't all that thrilled with either of our replies. Smile
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