I doubt if there's much literature on state supreme court cases dealing with federal civil rights during the nineteenth century, for the simple reason that there weren't many cases in state courts dealing with federal rights during that period.
I don't know how state bills of rights were viewed in the nineteenth century.
(although it sounds very interesting -- somebody should write a book on it).
I can personally recommend Lawrence Friedman's History of American Law: it pays a good deal of attention to state law and jurisprudence, as opposed to other general histories that still focus on federal law and practice.
I have read on the topic of "bills of rights" in the states; and although i well recall the source--a book on the history of jurisprudence in the United States--i unfortunately don't recall either the title or the author (this was about twenty years ago). The author contended that the extension to the states of the rights guaranteed to citizens in dealing with the Federal government only began in the late 19th century, and was a result of a slow but growing response of state legislatures to the provisions of the XIVth Amendment.
Thanks Setanta. From your description, it sounds as if your source described how the federal Bill of Rights applied to the states.
By the way, your "hasty count" doesn't support a contention that there bills or rights commonly in state constitutions prior to the ratification of the XIVth Amendment, although there may have been. But at the time of the ratification of the XVIth amendment there were thirty five states, so references to a half-dozen which had bills of rights in 1787 is not conclusive evidence that States had commonly adopted bills of rights prior to 1868.
Do you have an opinion on Horwitz, whose book I don't own yet? I found his short book on the Warren Court is thoughtful and well-written, so I wouldn't be surprised if his heavier books are good too.
Here is the list of constitutions that contained "right to bear arms" clauses in 1860, so most probably had a bill of rights. (Note that 20 is a conservative estimate: There may well have been bills of rights without a right to bear arms clause.)
Alabama (1819), Arkansas (1836), Connecticut (1818), Florida (1838), Indiana (1816), Kansas (1859), Kentucky (1792, 1850), Maine (1819), Massachusetts (1780), Michigan (1835), Mississippi (1817), Missouri(1820), North Carolina (1776), Ohio (1802, 1851), Oregon (1857), Pennsyslvania (1776), Rhode Island (1842), Tennessee (1796), Texas (1836), Vermont (1777)
Doesn't that prove two things? The right is beyond any argument "individual" and the framers of the 14th intended the 2nd to be binding on the states (besides quoting the 2nd when introducing the proposed 14th amendment).