Conservative Republicans and their fraudulent tax reform!
It’s absolutely amazing that our Republican Party leaders and many of their supporters, when it comes to factual information concerning taxation, “conservatism” and tax reform, are suspiciously deaf to an important provision of our Constitution which the Founding Fathers agreed upon to provide protection against mob rule vote [democracy] which now works to allow the spending of federal revenue without a proportional obligation in filling our national treasury.
This is particularly evident when considering specific Republicans who support H.R. 25 as being “conservative tax reform“___ a proposal which violates the founding fathers agreed upon rule intended to protect us from “democracy” when a general tax is laid among the States to fill the national treasury.
Of course, Republican Conservatives who doubt our founding fathers intentionally agreed upon a specific rule to protect us from “democracy” and its inherent and devastating financial consequences as applied to taxing and spending, need to study the debates during which time our Constitution was framed.
Those who take the time and study the debates will discover a specific rule was in fact created to protect us from democracy when the states are called upon to contribute into the common treasury and wealth is used to measured each state’s contribution in a general tax.
The following quotes from Madison’s Notes on the Convention of 1787[/u]
expose the true nature of Republicans who support H. R. 25, a proposal which turns out to be another twist on income taxation which is a political attack on property ownership___ from each state according to their ability, to our constituents according to their needs.
Mr. Govr. MORRIS
… thought property ought to be taken into the estimate as well as the number of inhabitants. Life & liberty were generally said to be of more value, than property. An accurate view of the matter would nevertheless prove that property was the main object of Society. . . . These ideas might appear to some new, but they were nevertheless just. If property then was the main object of Govt. certainly it ought to be one measure of the influence due to those who were to be affected by the Governmt. … He thought the rule of representation ought to be so fixed as to secure to the Atlantic States a prevalence in the National Councils….”
The gentleman last up had spoken some of his sentiments precisely. Property was certainly the principal object of Society. If numbers should be made the rule of representation, the Atlantic States will be subjected to the Western. He moved . . . "that the suffrages of the several States be regulated and proportioned according to the sums to be paid towards the general revenue by the inhabitants of each State respectively.”
“ The value of land had been found on full investigation to be an impracticable rule. The contributions of revenue including imports & exports, must be too changeable in their amount; too difficult to be adjusted; and too injurious to the non-commercial States. The number of inhabitants appeared to him the only just & practicable rule.
Mr. Govr. MORRIS
“…the Legislature shall possess authority to regulate the number of Representatives in any of the foregoing cases, upon the principles of their wealth and number of inhabitants."
urged warmly the justice & necessity of regarding wealth in the apportionment of Representation.
dwelt on the superior wealth of the Southern States, and insisted on its having its due weight in the Government.
was for making it the duty of the Legislature to do what was right & not leaving it at liberty to do or not do it. He moved that Mr. Randolph's proposition be postpond in order to consider the following "that in order to ascertain the alterations that may happen in the population & wealth of the several States, a census shall be taken of the free white inhabitants and 3/5 ths. of those of other descriptions on the 1st. year after this Government shall have been adopted and every year thereafter; and that the Representation be regulated accordingly."
contended for the admission of wealth in the estimate by which Representation should be regulated. …. He moved that "at the end of years after the 1st. meeting of the Legislature, and of every years thereafter, the Legislature shall proportion the Representation according to the principles of wealth & population"
thought the number of people alone the best rule for measuring wealth as well as representation; and that if the Legislature were to be governed by wealth, they would be obliged to estimate it by numbers. He was at first for leaving the matter wholly to the discretion of the Legislature; but he had been convinced by the observations of [Mr. Randolph & Mr. Mason,] that the periods & the rule, of revising the Representation ought to be fixt by the Constitution
, Future contributions it seemed to be understood on all hands would be principally levied on imports & exports. …He could not agree that any substantial objection lay agst. fixig numbers for the perpetual standard of Representation…It was said that Representation & taxation were to go together; that taxation and wealth ought to go together, that population & wealth were not measures of each other.
Mr. Govr. MORRIS
moved to add to the clause empowering the Legislature to vary the Representation according to the principles of wealth & number of inhabts. a "proviso that taxation shall be in proportion to Representation."
liked the idea. He thought it so just that it could not be objected to. But foresaw that if the revision of the census was left to the discretion of the Legislature, it would never be carried into execution. The rule must be fixed, and the execution of it enforced by the Constitution.
approved the principle, but could not see how it could be carried into execution; unless restrained to direct taxation.
Mr. Govr. MORRIS
having so varied his Motion by inserting the word "direct." It passd. nem. con. as follows-"provided the always that direct taxation ought to be proportioned to representation."
[/color] the tax described in H.R. 25 is a tax calculated from the value of property within each particular state and determines the amount of tax contributed into the common treasury by each particular state based upon an assessed value of property therein. But the rule requiring such a tax to be apportioned among the states based upon each states’ number of allotted representatives is ignored under H.R. 25, and thereby subjugates the agreed upon rule that taxation and representation shall be fixed by the same standard!
Ignoring this rule allows the various State Delegates in Congress Assembled to vote to spend money without a fear of proportional obligation in contributing the money spent___ one of the major defects of income taxation and democracy___ which our founding fathers corrected by the rule of apportioning such a tax based upon representation, the new rule intended to guarantee Representation with proportional obligation!
H.R. 25 is another attack upon property ownership and gives in to “democracy”.
Madison, in talking about democracy, in Federalist Paper No. 10[/u]
talks about “the violence of faction”
and also emphatically states: “ that such democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property; and have in general been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths.”
And so, as Madison continues: "The inference to which we are brought is that the causes of faction cannot be removed, and that relief is only to be sought in the means of controlling its effects."
In controlling the “means“
, the founding fathers provided a specific rule by which the various states are to contribute into the federal treasury…a rule which was specifically intended to thwart an evil of democracy.
Sorry for the length of the post, but I though the information may be useful to some, especially those who are conned by fraudulent Republican conservatives in Congress!.
For a documented summary of the rule by which the states have agreed to fill the national treasury in a general across the board tax, CLICK HERE[/u]
for the Founder’s Plan___ scroll down to:
American Constitutional Research Service Before the
Committee on Ways and Means
United States House of Representatives