Fri 5 Feb, 2016 03:09 pm
When I have an adverb preceding two independent clauses (i.e., clauses that include subject and predicate) and the adverb relates to both clauses, should I use a comma between the independent clauses? For example:
"Yesterday was a tough day. Therefore, I woke up late, and he didn't wake up at all."
"Yesterday was a tough day. Therefore, I woke up late and he didn't wake up at all."
My feeling is that I should not use a comma in this type of situation because "I woke up late" and "he didn't wake up at all" are part of a list of things that the "therefore" introduces and, because this list only has two elements, no comma is needed.
I look forward to hear from the experts!
You are right. A comma before the "and" in the sentence is superfluous.
I woke up late and he didn't wake up at all."
Your "adverb" had nothing to do with the comma.
I agree that "I woke up late and he didn't wake up at all." is a compound sentence (i.e., a sentence composed of two independent clauses). But what I have read online is that generally this means that you need to add a comma before the conjunction (in this case "and").
See for example:
I also feel the same way as you.. but do you say that just because the two independent clauses are relatively short?
If instead they were:
Therefore, I woke up late in my house with a headache and he didn't wake up at all from his deep sleep.
Would you still think that no comma was needed?
Those are outdated punctuation conventions. The word "and" is all that is necessary to join the two independent clauses.
I'd use commas before the words "but," "or" and "yet," however.