We also laughed at Archie Bunker, Chester Riley, and Ralph Kramden, to name a few men. It wasn't restricted by race or gender.
True; however, there always seemed to be the dichotomy of one gender being the proverbial clown. In Father Knows Best, in my opinion, it was the children that were doing the silly/confused/humorous things. The parents were usually the keepers of the correct way, I believe.
But, I do believe that society was telling women back then, in subtle ways, to hide their intelligence. Perhaps, because many a young man would not be attracted to a too smart young lady. And, I am not talking about a nerdy image; just smart.
By the way, I think the audience knew that Ralph Kramden's schtick was just that, and he was Kramden for the benefit of the audience. Archie Bunker, and Chester Riley just annoyed me, since their prejudices or ignorance was quite real to me, in my opinion. They just reminded me of the society that lived in a bubble of popular notions.