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tense contunued

 
 
saj
 
Reply Sat 25 Jul, 2009 01:31 pm
Hi mr Gentel and associates

I have completed my assignment and was wondering if you could kindly check it for errors. for each sentence i have put the tense and the use of the tense relating to the particular context of the sentence and for some i have put whether the sentence is in the active and passive form and why it is in that form. thank you for your time

1) “Madonna’s body remains in remarkable shape for 50”. (Present simple active voice). This use of the present simple tense here is to say that the action is not only happening now but happens but occurred from the past to the present.

This sentence is in the active voice because the subject which is ‘Madonna’s body’ is performing the action because it is remaining in shape.

2) “The singer is also seen in a photo shoot for W magazine”. (Present simple passive). The use of Present simple tense here is to state that the action is happening at the present time.

This sentence is in the passive voice because the subject which is ‘The singer’ does not do anything but is having something done to her.

3) “Her hard work is paying off”. ( Present continuous). The use of the tense in this sentence is to state that things are in progress at the moment of speaking.

4) “Madonna has spent most of her time living in New York”. ( Present perfect simple). The use of this tense here is to state that the action began in the past and continues to the future.

5) “He has been filming his upcoming Sherlock Holmes movie”.( Present perfect continuous). The use of this tense here is to state that the action is in progress and not completed.

6) “Madonna posed for American photographer Lee Freidlander”. (Past simple active voice). The use of the tense here is to state that the action had already happened in the past.

This sentence is in the active voice because the subject who is Madonna is the one doing the action as she is the one posing.

7) “The image was taken in 1979”. (Past simple passive). The use of the tense here is to state that the action has already taken place in the past.

This sentence is in the passive voice because the subject which is “the image”, does not do anything but has something done to it.
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Robert Gentel
 
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Reply Sat 25 Jul, 2009 03:03 pm
@saj,
You seem to have a pretty good understanding of the tenses and voice now, below are some comments I had, and where I haven't commented I think your explanations are fine.

saj wrote:
1) “Madonna’s body remains in remarkable shape for 50”. (Present simple active voice). This use of the present simple tense here is to say that the action is not only happening now but happens but occurred from the past to the present.


The reasoning you use sounds like you might be confusing it with present perfect, which is the tense where a connection from past to present is important.

Present simple tends to speak about general things such as habit or the state of something or someone.

Examples:

He is a Doctor.
He plays tennis.
He is athletic.


Quote:
The use of Present simple tense here is to state that the action is happening at the present time.


That is actually a better explanation for present continuous. Present simple rarely means something is happening at the present time, and you might note that you needed to use present continuous to describe that.

Present simple in this case is just describing a current truth. He is seen in that photo shoot, but the shoot or the seeing doesn't have to be happening at the present time, it just has to be true at the present.

Quote:
This sentence is in the passive voice because the subject which is ‘The singer’ does not do anything but is having something done to her.


More specifically, the subject of the verb is left out. "He is seen" doesn't need to say who sees.


Quote:
4) “Madonna has spent most of her time living in New York”. ( Present perfect simple). The use of this tense here is to state that the action began in the past and continues to the future.


Continues to the present. Present perfect has a connection to the present.

Quote:
5) “He has been filming his upcoming Sherlock Holmes movie”.( Present perfect continuous). The use of this tense here is to state that the action is in progress and not completed.


Well present continuous can be an action in progress that is not completed as well, present perfect continuous is generally used to describe events that were ongoing from the past till the present but they do not need to be incomplete. For example:

I think he is finished the project, he has been working on it all week.
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