The Melting Pot Myth

Reply Thu 25 Apr, 2013 10:37 pm
21 Maps Of Highly Segregated Cities In America

Rebecca Baird-Remba and Gus Lubin | Apr. 25, 2013, 9:32 AM

Flickr/Eric Fischer

Racial segregation remains a problem in America, and it's lasting longer than anyone expected.
Just how bad things are can be determined through analysis of 2010 Census data.
The average black person lives in a neighborhood that is 45 percent black. Without segregation, his neighborhood would be only 13 percent black, according to professors John Logan and Brian Stult at Brown and Florida State.
Logan and Stult evaluated segregation in major cities with a dissimilarity index, which identifies the percentage of one group that would have to move to a different neighborhood to eliminate segregation. A score above 60 on the dissimilarity index is considered extreme.
In the following slides, we have ranked the most segregated cities in ascending order. They are illustrated with maps of cities by race created by Eric Fischer and publicly available on Flickr. The red dots show white people, blue is black, orange is Hispanic, green is Asian, and yellow is other.
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Reply Thu 25 Apr, 2013 10:54 pm
Census data show 'surprising' segregation
Updated 12/20/2010 6:30 PM

By Haya El Nasser, USA TODAY

Despite increased racial and ethnic diversity, American neighborhoods continue to be segregated and some of the progress made toward integration since 1980 has come to a halt this decade, according to an analysis of Census Bureau data released Tuesday.
"This is a surprising result," said Brown University sociology professor John Logan, who analyzed 2005-09 Census numbers. "At worst, it was expected that there would be continued slow progress."

The five-year data from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey provide the first opportunity to gauge post-2000 demographic trends all the way down to small neighborhoods.

FULL COVERAGE: Census 2010
VIDEO: 10 strange facts about the Census
Logan and his co-author, Florida State University sociologist Brian Stults, also head the US 2010 research project, which examines changes in American society. They found:

• The average non-Hispanic white person continues to live in a neighborhood that looks very different from neighborhoods where the average black, Hispanic and Asian live. Average whites in metropolitan America live in a neighborhood that's 74% white — although it's not as segregated as in 1980, when the average was 88% white.

Even if segregation had continued to slide this decade at the same rate as in the previous 20 years, "It would take into the middle of the century for black segregation rates to come down to the Hispanic level," says Roderick Harrison, a demographer at the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies and at Howard University in Washington, D.C., and a former chief of racial statistics at the Census Bureau. "(The decline) was very incremental."

• Blacks continue to be the most segregated minority followed by Hispanics and Asians. The average black American lives in a majority black neighborhood.

Logan says that a handful of very large metropolitan areas in the Northeast and Midwest formed a "ghetto belt" of extremely high and fairly constant levels of segregation.

Much of the decline in segregation in recent decades was due to the rise of the black middle-class and its move to suburbia. Harrison expects that the recession, which has cut jobs and reduced mobility, may push segregation rates up again. "I wouldn't be surprised if the recession had a polarizing effect," Harrison says.

For members of minority groups, the cost of residential segregation is that the neighborhoods where they live typically have fewer resources than neighborhoods where non-Hispanic whites live, Logan says.

• While segregation levels between blacks and whites and between Hispanics and whites are almost the same today as in 2000, the segregation of Asians from whites is now almost as high as whites' segregation from Hispanics.

• Segregation levels among Hispanics are nearing those of blacks. On average, 48% of Hispanics' neighbors are Hispanic and that share is growing, Logan says.

"Immigrants naturally tend to cluster in ethnic communities," Logan says. "The growth of the country's Hispanic and Asian populations therefore naturally results in more concentrated ethnic enclaves."

The index Logan uses measures how evenly two groups are spread across neighborhoods.

"The highest value of 100 indicates that the two groups live in completely different neighborhoods," Logan says.

By this measure:

• Black-white segregation averaged 65.2 in 2000 and 62.7 now.

• Hispanic-white segregation was 51.6 in 2000 vs. 50 today.

• Asian-white segregation has grown from 42.1 to 45.9.

Segregation for African Americans was largely the result of racist policies that created concentrations of poor neighborhoods, Logan says. "You're not going to get substantial declines in segregation until you start breaking up these nearly all-black neighborhoods in central cities," Harrison says.

The segregation index in six metropolitan areas with the largest black populations still hovers near 80, the same level as 30 years ago. It's at its highest in New York, Milwaukee, Newark, Detroit and Chicago, home to about one in five blacks.

"Black-white segregation in most of the country is a residue from blatant exclusion (of blacks) from white neighborhoods" from 1920 to 1970, Logan says. "Although residential patterns are always partly due to people's preferences of where to live, limited choice continues to be a larger factor for African Americans. Immigrant neighborhoods are more often Asians' and Hispanics' preferred location."

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Reply Sun 28 Apr, 2013 04:52 pm
My good lord!

Why This Prom in Georgia Just Changed History


Earlier this month, TakePart reported on the efforts of a group of high school students in Georgia raising funds to hold their county’s first multi-racial prom—otherwise known as regular prom in the rest of the country.
Last night, those kids got their wish at Wilcox County's first-ever "Integrated Prom," where students of all races were welcome. By all accounts, it was a remarkably successful event.
According to local crews, the entrance to the dance was so swarmed with news cameras, it resembled something closer to a Hollywood red carpet event, rather than a high school dance. Students made their way in front of reporters, stopping for pictures while throngs of parents cheered them on and held back tears.
Quanesha Wallace, one of the students responsible for organizing the event, told one news reporter, “It turned out really well. I didn’t even know this many people were coming. I didn’t even know this many tickets were being sold.”

Wilcox County, GA has had a segregated prom system since the school was racially integrated just several decades ago. The school's dances have always been privately funded and held away from school grounds, allowing for the segregation to continue without any legal consequence.
But this year, a group of students at Wilcox County High School had enough, with one in particular, Keela Bloodworth, explaining to WSFA, “It’s embarrassing to know that I’m from the county that still does this.”
That’s when Bloodworth, Wallace, and a goup of their friends decided to raise funds on their own to hold an integrated prom. While their initial thoughts were of local bake sales and car washes, those became unnecessary once online news sites got a hold of their story. Just two days after that story broke, those students reached their funding goal, according to their Facebook page. Then they quickly surpassed it.
Since then, they’ve continued to collect donations from supporters across the country, with the excess money going towards their own college scholarships, as well as to funds for two unidentified local families, each of whom have recently “suffered a major loss.”
In the weeks leading up to the dance, the students reported there had been some community backlash, mostly in the form of their fliers getting ripped down and disappearing.
And though several of Georgia’s lawmakers publicly championed the students’ efforts, Georgia’s own governor, Nathan Deal initially refused to comment on the events because he didn't "want to take sides," according to a statement released by his spokesperson.
Nonetheless, after several weeks of mounting public pressure, Deal did release a carefully-worded statement, that concluded with, “I think that people understand that some of these are just local issues and private issues, and not something that the state government needs to have its finger involved in.” And that may explain why segregation is alive and well in Georgia.
While their governor seemed content to sit this one out, these very determined high school students took it upon themselves to effect a change in their county, one that will hopefully be recognized for generations to come. In the meantime, if these are the kids who are representative of our future, we might be okay.
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