What in your view is the core problem?
Girls and boys (in aggregate) bully in different ways.
In many ways, you might view some of the female bullying as more destructive, my sister for example lost a friend to suicide as the result of a campaign of primarily female bullying. Female bullying (on average) tends to be less physically violent.
The formation of tribes or cliques is related to the labeling problem. "Us" and "Them". Good kids, bad kids. Cool kids, weak kids. etc.
Gender and peer responses to bullying
To date, the majority of research into children's aggressive behavior has focused on boys
(Bjoerkqvist and Niemelae, 1992). Boys tend to have extensive, relatively unintimate
playgroups, therefore the conflictual behavior of boys is more likely to involve salient
behaviors such as direct physical aggression, yelling, and assertions of status and dominance.
In contrast, girls' playgroups tend to be more intimate (Maccoby and Jacklin, 1974). Girls
may, therefore, be more likely to use indirect aggression
hostile acts where the perpetrator
remains anonymous (Lagerspetz
., 1988). Crick and Grotpeter (1995) found that this
type of relational aggression is significantly more likely to occur among girls, while direct
physical and verbal aggression are more likely among boys.
Prevalence of Bullying
Of the 1639 children, 70 (4±3%) were identifed as direct bullies–boys: 47 (2±9%); girls: 23 (1±4%)–167(10±2%) as bully}victims–boys: 122 (7±4%); girls: 45(2±7%)–and 653 (39±8%) as victims–boys: 339(20±7%); girls: 314 (19±2%). The remaining 748 (45±6%) children were neutral (1 child had missing data). Regarding relational bullying, 18 (1±1%) were bullies–boys: 14 (0±9%); girls: 4 (0±2%)–96 (5±9%) bully}victims–boys: 58 (3±5%); girls: 38 (2±3%)–and 622 (37±9%) victims–boys: 297 (18±1%); girls: 325 (19±9%).
The remaining 901 (55±0%) children were neutral (2 children had missing data). Participation in direct and
relational bullying was found to be partially overlapping:
521 (31±8%) children–boys: 290 (35±7%); girls: 231(28±0%)–were identified as being involved in both direct and relational bullying behaviour (physical bullies, bully) victims or victims and also either relational bullies, bully }victims or victims). A further 369 children (22±5%) were involved in physical bullying only and were classified
as relational neutrals–boys: 218 (26±8%); girls: 151(18±3%)–215 (13±1%) were involved in relational bullying and were physical neutrals–boys: 79 (9±7%); girls: 136 (16±5%)–and 532 (32±5%) were not involved in any bullying behaviour (physical neutrals and
relational neutrals). Full results on the prevalence and
distinctiveness of relational bullying are reported else-
where (Wolke & Karstadt, 1999)
Would you care to share an academic study, or do you suggest I take my information from youtube videos?