..exposed to the same information...
That's only correct if you are a naive realist
. In general "information" is observer defined as "that which informs a choice between alternatives". (See the definition of BIT). Logically, alternatives depend on the perceptual state and abilities of the observer. To a constructivist
, pattern does not independently reside in "an external world"
In short "pattern perception" is about dynamic
interactive behavior, not passive
information processing but we can speculate that such behavior is a function of common*
physiology. What is "information" to foraging bees or migrating whales is unlikely to be information to humans.
One behavioral definition of intelligence with respect to humans is "the capacity to delay a response". i.e. to transcend determinism. We might elaborate on that "delay" by speculating that the human is running through alternative
pattern/prediction scenarios via that internal process we call "thinking". The fact that we use the model of "data processing" as in a slow running computer does not get to grips with the epistemological issue of what constitutes "data".
(note however the anthropocentic tautology...common=pattern)