HS, sometimes I feel that it is an unsurmountable task to make people realize their misinterpretations, to use an euphemism.
Vivans is not a mispelling of L'Académie Française but the very proof of language evolution.
It is the way it was written throughout the middle ages, Renaissance and even the Siècle des Lumières.
The plural of vivant
, according to L'Académie Française, as attested by all its editions till 1835.
Since then, it's vivants
Based on that, you are telling me that they mispelled it in the years before.
To which I reply, if it pleases you, so be it.
But I have a different view of these matters. Evolution, as I stated.
Check out all the editions of Dictionaires d'autrefois
for vivans, vivants..
You can also see how it was written in old French laws
I maintain that vagabonds were not assimilated to the mal vivans category, as they were not, ipso-facto, evil doers.