Firstly, this description makes little sense...because ....
If any breaker that's supposed to be assigned 110 V..were to have 220 V running to it...that would have meant something massively failed..or an incompetent electrician messed up big time. If it's electrician incompetence, that would also mean no building permit could be issued or perhaps was issued. not to mention the risk to life and limb or appliance or property safety.
Furthermore if there was some catastrophic situation that caused a short or some whacky scenario, when you plug a 110 v appliance into any outlet that is actually (erroneously) supplying 220 v (but the outlet is designed for the shape of a 110 v plug according to Electrical Code), the appliance would smoke.
There's something perhaps bad with your description and your understanding .or the competence of whoever wired this mess.
Do NOT buy a 20 volt-ohmmeter. That would be non-productive. If it were me, I'd just hired a licensed electrician. Your personal safety and property's safety is at stake.