26
   

Does everyone agree that we evolved from Africa?

 
 
Foofie
 
  1  
Reply Thu 17 Mar, 2016 09:08 am
@farmerjohn1324,
farmerjohn1324 wrote:

Human beings have existed for about 200,000 years.....

For the first 100,000 (or so), we lived only in Africa.

Does anyone not agree with this?T

The reason for leaving Africa was that a man and wife won a trip to Europe on the then current version of Wheel of Fortune. The winning word was, "cat."
0 Replies
 
spooky24
 
  1  
Reply Fri 18 Mar, 2016 06:53 am
@Blickers,
"Incidentally, it is not completely agreed on that ALL Native Americans are descended from those who crossed the Bering Land Bridge"

The DNA is absolute. Or so they say. Project Gutenburg has a whole section on Genetics and the American Indians. The Library of Congress, along with the Smithsonian have intense studies of prehistoric tribes in the great Southwest.

I never said one thing about disproving evolution-where did that come from?

Blickers
 
  2  
Reply Fri 18 Mar, 2016 08:55 am
@spooky24,
Well, you keep on running down the DNA evidence, so I figured you were anti-evolution. As far as DNA evidence, there is definite evidence of some DNA from Native Americans having more to do with Polynesians than the groups which came over the Bering Bridge.

Scientists find genetic link between Native Americans and Pacific Islanders

A genetic signature from Australasia – a region comprising Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, and other islands in the Pacific Ocean – appears in the DNA of some Native American populations living in the Amazon rainforest.
By Charles Q. Choi, LiveScience July 22, 2015

.....However, a number of prior studies of skull shapes hinted that two distinct groups entered the Americas. While one Asian type is similar to the vast majority of modern Native Americans, an earlier type seen in skeletons in Brazil and elsewhere resembled modern people from Australasia — a region that includes Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea and neighboring Pacific Islands — and even some African groups.

(Continued)
http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2015/0722/Scientists-find-genetic-link-between-Native-Americans-and-Pacific-Islanders

I would also add that the South Sea Islanders have the highest percentage of Denisovan DNA in the world, and one of the Denisovan DNA "hotspots" of the world is the Amazon rainforest. Needless to say, Denisovans didn't inhabit the New World, so where did they get it from?



0 Replies
 
Alan VanArsdale
 
  1  
Reply Sat 8 Apr, 2017 10:27 am
@farmerjohn1324,
Depends on how you define human.
Homo floresiensis and the Origins of the Genus Homo
Introduction - From a cladistic view, primitive characters do not provide evidence of close affinities. In evolution it is commonly seen that adaptive radiations occur not from highly derived / specialized forms, but instead from marginal conservative ancestral like forms. Such radiations usually are driven by environmental changes causing extinctions, such as the retreat of tropical rain forests around 8 million years ago in Africa and Asia. The fossil record for Hominins is poor in general. Arboreal mammals in general are biased against in the fossil record due to the low preservation potential of forest soils. In this article the author argues that it is more correct to think of African apes as being evolved / derived from the genus Homo than visa versa. And African apes being more derived than Homo floresiensis relative to an unknown Asiatic common ancestor of both lineages.
That modern humans are among all extant primates most closely related to African apes is well established by genetic evidence. There does not exist fossil or genetic evidence firmly establishing candidates as direct ancestors of humans in Africa after the drying period around 8 million years ago, which saw the retreat or tropical forests in Africa and Asia, up until the emergence of Homo sapiens and close relatives around one million years ago in Africa. This fact suggests that Asiatic origins for humans should be further explored for the period of around 8 to 3 million years ago. The author here uses the term Asiatic to include any unknown fossil humans in Australia or Europe as a complex more connected Asia than Africa.
If the common origins of African apes and humans is in Asia, then the ancestral forms would probably have had the capability to cross more arid terrains to return to Africa. The best candidate for such an immigrant is an ancestral form of Homo floresiensis with H. floresiensis proposed as a remnant population of such a group in the refugial environment of Flores Island.
If this is the case, then H. floresiensis likely could have walked to Flores Island from the Asiatic Mainland about 5 million years ago (Metcalfe 2007). Thus eliminating any need for a difficult journey from Africa, with no fossil record of such an event or African ancestral form. And no need to invoke Island waifs, which would be troubled by genetic funneling over more than 700,000 years on Flores Island as indicated by the fossil record (van den Bergh et al 2016).
Compare the skull of Homo floresiensis to the partial skull of Lufengpithecus lufengensis from China near the end of the Miocene (Xueping et al 2013). It appears much more similar and less derived compared to H. floresiensis, relative to any living or fossil ape not assigned to the genus Homo. The similarities appear to much to be explained by neotonous characters in H. floresiensis or convergence. In reference to Lufengpithecus "representing the last common ancestor of all extant great apes" (Andrews 1992). With the striking similarity to H. floresiensis, this suggests that H. floresiensis is conservative, relative to other apes, in facial morphology.
Gigantopithecus has a fossil record extending back 9 million years, much farther than any fossil African ape proposed to be near the ancestry of Homo. Gigantopithecus shows affinities in dental morphology to humans (or convergence), and is of uncertain placement relative to Homo and Pongids.
Could ALL fossil and extant apes (except Gibbons), be morphologically derived relative to Homo floresiensis, compared to the common unknown Asiatic ancestor of apes and Homo? Towards the end of the Miocene, as apes were retreating in Africa and going nearly extinct in Asia, could a diminutive small brained lineage of human like generalized apes have evolved in Asia?
Modern humans can be competent in all forms of locomotion seen in apes except knuckle walking, due to specialized and derived hands for tool manufacture and closed fist striking. Orangutans are fist walkers, modern humans can cover long distances over rough terrains as finger tip to palm walkers, similar to baboons. Modern humans are in all environments which apes can exist in, and have long distance locomotion in all environments which apes exploit, with the exception of arboreal canopies.
The known range of Homo Floresiensis is about 700,000 years ago (van den Bergh et al 2016) to about 50,000 years ago, the earlier forms being about 25% SMALLER than the younger forms. This is a small time frame relative to the development of an hypothetical Homo floresiensis like Asiatic ancestor around 5 to 7 million years ago. Different populations and individuals at any one time could have varied in size. But it does indicate they were not getting any smaller over time on Flores Island.
Ancient humans who adapted to semi arid conditions such as on Flores 700,000 years ago (van den Bergh et al 2016), or even to arid conditions, might have benefitted from small body size. Roving in bands much like extant apes, they could have defended themselves fairly well from carnivores and other apes by stone throwing and darting up trees or rock outcrops. They would have been opportunistic feeders with a generalized conservative phenotypes allowing them to exploit varying environments, and move reasonably well over all types of terrains. Jacks of all trades and masters of none, survivors in times when most other apes became extinct in Asia.
Protohomos were small brained relative to modern humans as other apes, nothing special or God like about them. As they repopulated Africa and parts of Asia with apes, they reached pockets of forests and partly forested areas by then without African apes or Gibbons in Asia. Entering new environments they specialized and gave rise to multiple branches of specialized more derived apes in Africa terminating with the Australopithecines. Protohomos enjoyed an adaptive radiation in Africa and Asia. Much as with other similar adaptive radiations by conservative stem groups, fueled by an extinction event among apes and resulting pockets of forested /partly forested areas unpopulated by apes. And by exploitation of new environments culminating with the exploitation of colder environments than ever before exploited by apes, in the Pleistocene.
"the LB1 specimen belongs to a clade that can be named Homo erectus" (Valery et al 2016). The author agrees, but suggests that the Homo erectus clade extends back some 5-8 million years in Asia. In cladistics you do not stop being something you once were. Thus, extant African apes and their fossil relatives are also members of the Homo erectus clade, just highly derived members. "Ardipithecus ramidus thus indicates that the last common ancestors of humans and African apes were not Chimpanzee like" and "Overall Ardipithecus ramidus demonstrates that the last common ancestors of humans and African apes were morphologically far more primitive than anticipated, exhibiting numerous characters reminiscient of middle and early Miocene hominoids (White et al 2009).
Protohomos may have carried stones with them as a sort of tool kit, through use or selection these could have had sharp edges. They also could have been used as striking or throwing weapons in arboreal environments. They may have been conservatively monogamous as are gibbons. Thus their teeth were smaller and jaws weaker than in many of the apes they gave rise to. They did not have as much need for strong sexual dimorphism to defend themselves from predators, or to crack nuts of fruit pits with their teeth. They would not have modified stone tools, not had language beyond that of extant apes or controlled fire. They would have looked more like extant humans than apes and been hairy. And have lived in very similar manner to extant apes and monkeys. Like baboons being able to exploit multiple types of environments, such as moving through braided environments along coastlines with nearby mountains.
"Therefore LB1 offers the most complete glimpse of a bipedal hominin foot that lacks the full suite of derived features characteristic of modern humans and whose mosaic design may be primitive for the genus Homo, these new findings raise the possibility that the ancestor of H. floresiensis was not Homo erectus but instead some other, more primitive hominin whose dispersal into southeast Asia is still undocumented.". (Jungers et al 2009).
Alan D VanArsdale April 7, 2017
Bibliography
1. Andrews P. "Evolution and environment in the Hominoidea" Nature 360 p 641-666 1992
2. Jungers W. L. et al "The foot of Homo floresiensis" Letter Nature 459 p 81-84 2009
3. Metcalfe I., "Tectonic history of the SE Asian-Australian region." 2007
4. Jungers W.L., Harcourt-Smith W. E. H., Wunderlich R. E., Tocheri M. W., Larson S. G., Sutikna T., Rhokus Awe Due & Morwood M. J. Nature 459 Letter p. 81-84 2009
5. Valery Zeitoun, Veronique Barriel, Harry Widianto "Phylogenetic analysis of the calvera of Homo floresiensis" Comptes Rendus Palevol V 15 p 555-568 2016
6. van den Bergh et al "Homo floresiensis-like fossils from the early Middle Pleistocene of Flores." Nature 534 p 245-248 2016
7. White et al Science 2009
8. Xueping Ji et al "Juvenile hominoid cranium from the terminal Miocene of Yunan, China" Chinese Science Bulletin 2013
Alan VanArsdale
 
  0  
Reply Sat 8 Apr, 2017 10:29 am
@djjd62,
I do not think so, based upon my perception of the evidence. At least not in our more distant past, before Homo sapiens.
Homo floresiensis and the Origins of the Genus Homo
Introduction - From a cladistic view, primitive characters do not provide evidence of close affinities. In evolution it is commonly seen that adaptive radiations occur not from highly derived / specialized forms, but instead from marginal conservative ancestral like forms. Such radiations usually are driven by environmental changes causing extinctions, such as the retreat of tropical rain forests around 8 million years ago in Africa and Asia. The fossil record for Hominins is poor in general. Arboreal mammals in general are biased against in the fossil record due to the low preservation potential of forest soils. In this article the author argues that it is more correct to think of African apes as being evolved / derived from the genus Homo than visa versa. And African apes being more derived than Homo floresiensis relative to an unknown Asiatic common ancestor of both lineages.
That modern humans are among all extant primates most closely related to African apes is well established by genetic evidence. There does not exist fossil or genetic evidence firmly establishing candidates as direct ancestors of humans in Africa after the drying period around 8 million years ago, which saw the retreat or tropical forests in Africa and Asia, up until the emergence of Homo sapiens and close relatives around one million years ago in Africa. This fact suggests that Asiatic origins for humans should be further explored for the period of around 8 to 3 million years ago. The author here uses the term Asiatic to include any unknown fossil humans in Australia or Europe as a complex more connected Asia than Africa.
If the common origins of African apes and humans is in Asia, then the ancestral forms would probably have had the capability to cross more arid terrains to return to Africa. The best candidate for such an immigrant is an ancestral form of Homo floresiensis with H. floresiensis proposed as a remnant population of such a group in the refugial environment of Flores Island.
If this is the case, then H. floresiensis likely could have walked to Flores Island from the Asiatic Mainland about 5 million years ago (Metcalfe 2007). Thus eliminating any need for a difficult journey from Africa, with no fossil record of such an event or African ancestral form. And no need to invoke Island waifs, which would be troubled by genetic funneling over more than 700,000 years on Flores Island as indicated by the fossil record (van den Bergh et al 2016).
Compare the skull of Homo floresiensis to the partial skull of Lufengpithecus lufengensis from China near the end of the Miocene (Xueping et al 2013). It appears much more similar and less derived compared to H. floresiensis, relative to any living or fossil ape not assigned to the genus Homo. The similarities appear to much to be explained by neotonous characters in H. floresiensis or convergence. In reference to Lufengpithecus "representing the last common ancestor of all extant great apes" (Andrews 1992). With the striking similarity to H. floresiensis, this suggests that H. floresiensis is conservative, relative to other apes, in facial morphology.
Gigantopithecus has a fossil record extending back 9 million years, much farther than any fossil African ape proposed to be near the ancestry of Homo. Gigantopithecus shows affinities in dental morphology to humans (or convergence), and is of uncertain placement relative to Homo and Pongids.
Could ALL fossil and extant apes (except Gibbons), be morphologically derived relative to Homo floresiensis, compared to the common unknown Asiatic ancestor of apes and Homo? Towards the end of the Miocene, as apes were retreating in Africa and going nearly extinct in Asia, could a diminutive small brained lineage of human like generalized apes have evolved in Asia?
Modern humans can be competent in all forms of locomotion seen in apes except knuckle walking, due to specialized and derived hands for tool manufacture and closed fist striking. Orangutans are fist walkers, modern humans can cover long distances over rough terrains as finger tip to palm walkers, similar to baboons. Modern humans are in all environments which apes can exist in, and have long distance locomotion in all environments which apes exploit, with the exception of arboreal canopies.
The known range of Homo Floresiensis is about 700,000 years ago (van den Bergh et al 2016) to about 50,000 years ago, the earlier forms being about 25% SMALLER than the younger forms. This is a small time frame relative to the development of an hypothetical Homo floresiensis like Asiatic ancestor around 5 to 7 million years ago. Different populations and individuals at any one time could have varied in size. But it does indicate they were not getting any smaller over time on Flores Island.
Ancient humans who adapted to semi arid conditions such as on Flores 700,000 years ago (van den Bergh et al 2016), or even to arid conditions, might have benefitted from small body size. Roving in bands much like extant apes, they could have defended themselves fairly well from carnivores and other apes by stone throwing and darting up trees or rock outcrops. They would have been opportunistic feeders with a generalized conservative phenotypes allowing them to exploit varying environments, and move reasonably well over all types of terrains. Jacks of all trades and masters of none, survivors in times when most other apes became extinct in Asia.
Protohomos were small brained relative to modern humans as other apes, nothing special or God like about them. As they repopulated Africa and parts of Asia with apes, they reached pockets of forests and partly forested areas by then without African apes or Gibbons in Asia. Entering new environments they specialized and gave rise to multiple branches of specialized more derived apes in Africa terminating with the Australopithecines. Protohomos enjoyed an adaptive radiation in Africa and Asia. Much as with other similar adaptive radiations by conservative stem groups, fueled by an extinction event among apes and resulting pockets of forested /partly forested areas unpopulated by apes. And by exploitation of new environments culminating with the exploitation of colder environments than ever before exploited by apes, in the Pleistocene.
"the LB1 specimen belongs to a clade that can be named Homo erectus" (Valery et al 2016). The author agrees, but suggests that the Homo erectus clade extends back some 5-8 million years in Asia. In cladistics you do not stop being something you once were. Thus, extant African apes and their fossil relatives are also members of the Homo erectus clade, just highly derived members. "Ardipithecus ramidus thus indicates that the last common ancestors of humans and African apes were not Chimpanzee like" and "Overall Ardipithecus ramidus demonstrates that the last common ancestors of humans and African apes were morphologically far more primitive than anticipated, exhibiting numerous characters reminiscient of middle and early Miocene hominoids (White et al 2009).
Protohomos may have carried stones with them as a sort of tool kit, through use or selection these could have had sharp edges. They also could have been used as striking or throwing weapons in arboreal environments. They may have been conservatively monogamous as are gibbons. Thus their teeth were smaller and jaws weaker than in many of the apes they gave rise to. They did not have as much need for strong sexual dimorphism to defend themselves from predators, or to crack nuts of fruit pits with their teeth. They would not have modified stone tools, not had language beyond that of extant apes or controlled fire. They would have looked more like extant humans than apes and been hairy. And have lived in very similar manner to extant apes and monkeys. Like baboons being able to exploit multiple types of environments, such as moving through braided environments along coastlines with nearby mountains.
"Therefore LB1 offers the most complete glimpse of a bipedal hominin foot that lacks the full suite of derived features characteristic of modern humans and whose mosaic design may be primitive for the genus Homo, these new findings raise the possibility that the ancestor of H. floresiensis was not Homo erectus but instead some other, more primitive hominin whose dispersal into southeast Asia is still undocumented.". (Jungers et al 2009).
Alan D VanArsdale April 7, 2017
Bibliography
1. Andrews P. "Evolution and environment in the Hominoidea" Nature 360 p 641-666 1992
2. Jungers W. L. et al "The foot of Homo floresiensis" Letter Nature 459 p 81-84 2009
3. Metcalfe I., "Tectonic history of the SE Asian-Australian region." 2007
4. Jungers W.L., Harcourt-Smith W. E. H., Wunderlich R. E., Tocheri M. W., Larson S. G., Sutikna T., Rhokus Awe Due & Morwood M. J. Nature 459 Letter p. 81-84 2009
5. Valery Zeitoun, Veronique Barriel, Harry Widianto "Phylogenetic analysis of the calvera of Homo floresiensis" Comptes Rendus Palevol V 15 p 555-568 2016
6. van den Bergh et al "Homo floresiensis-like fossils from the early Middle Pleistocene of Flores." Nature 534 p 245-248 2016
7. White et al Science 2009
8. Xueping Ji et al "Juvenile hominoid cranium from the terminal Miocene of Yunan, China" Chinese Science Bulletin 2013
0 Replies
 
kk4mds
 
  1  
Reply Thu 25 May, 2017 06:27 pm
@farmerjohn1324,
All the scientific evidence, fossil and genetic studies, indicate that humans originated in Africa. There is some evidence that humans originated from one male and one female, called scientific Adam and scientific Eve, who existed in different areas of Africa and at different times.
roger
 
  3  
Reply Thu 25 May, 2017 07:56 pm
@kk4mds,
Does that even make sense? Originated from one man and one women from different areas at different times. From my understanding of reproduction, they had to be at the same time and place at least once.
ekename
 
  1  
Reply Thu 25 May, 2017 09:02 pm
@roger,
roger this:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitochondrial_Eve

Quote:
Does everyone agree that we evolved from Africa?


Nah, I'm an animal.
roger
 
  1  
Reply Thu 25 May, 2017 09:36 pm
@ekename,
I only skimmed it. It was long and left me confused, which is about my normal state. Still, I know where babies come from and no hocus pocus is going to change that.
0 Replies
 
TomTomBinks
 
  2  
Reply Thu 25 May, 2017 10:58 pm
@kk4mds,
Quote:
All the scientific evidence, fossil and genetic studies, indicate that humans originated in Africa. There is some evidence that humans originated from one male and one female, called scientific Adam and scientific Eve, who existed in different areas of Africa and at different times.

That doesn't mean humans originated from two individuals. There were humans BEFORE those two individuals. What it means is that every living human is DESCENDED from these two individuals.
0 Replies
 
layman
 
  0  
Reply Fri 26 May, 2017 12:42 am
Quote:
Humans 'not out of Africa after all'

24 May, 2017 06:08

The history of human evolution might have to be rewritten - new discoveries suggested that Europe, not Africa, was the birthplace of mankind.

Researchers in Europe have discovered traces of a precursor of modern man, Graecopithecus freybergi, nicknamed "El Graeco" by scientists.

"We were surprised by our results because pre-humans were previously known only from sub-Saharan Africa," said Jochen Fuss, a University of Tübingen doctoral student.

The UK's The Daily Telegraph has reported that two fossils of an ape-like creature with teeth similar to those of humans have been found in Bulgaria and Greece. They have been dated to 7.2million years ago.

This has led scientists to believe that our ancient ancestors were evolving in Europe 200000 years before the earliest African hominin appeared.

"Our findings might eventually change our ideas about the origin of humanity. I personally don't think that the descendants of Graecopithecus died out - they might have spread to Africa later. The split of chimps and humans was a single event. Our data support the view that this split was happening in the eastern Mediterranean - not in Africa.''

Anthropologist Peter Andrews said: "It is possible that the human lineage originated in Europe but very substantial fossil evidence places it in Africa. I would be hesitant about using a single characteristic from an isolated fossil against the evidence from Africa."

The research was published in the journal PLOS One


http://www.timeslive.co.za/thetimes/2017/05/24/Humans-not-out-of-Africa-after-all
0 Replies
 
layman
 
  0  
Reply Fri 26 May, 2017 02:00 am
@Alan VanArsdale,
Quote:
In this article the author argues that it is more correct to think of African apes as being evolved / derived from the genus Homo than visa versa

An interesting thesis, eh?
0 Replies
 
Leadfoot
 
  0  
Reply Fri 26 May, 2017 06:46 am
The latest find of 'Homo' fossils is 'naledi' in S. Africa, first reported as around 2 Myrs old but now somewhere between 230 - 335 Kyrs.

Rather than a missing link, this find further confuses the narrative of evolution to the point where anthropologists are starting to admit they don't have a clue. I'm sure they will force fit these bones into the accepted model one way or another though.

Quote:
According to a recent article in The Guardian, “New haul of Homo naledi bones sheds surprising light on human evolution,” but the most important word in the headline is “surprising.” It turns out that the fossils are much younger than evolutionary biologists expected.1

In 1982, paleontologists Niles Eldredge and Ian Tattersall noted that

it is a “myth that the evolutionary histories of living beings are essentially a matter of discovery.” If this were really true, they wrote, “one could confidently expect that as more hominid fossils were found the story of human evolution would become clearer. Whereas if anything, the opposite has occurred.”

The Homo naledi bones show that Eldredge and Tattersall were right.


https://www.evolutionnews.org/2017/05/latest-homo-naledi-bones-are-younger-than-expected/
Setanta
 
  4  
Reply Fri 26 May, 2017 07:52 am
Considering the the reliability of a source is always a good idea. The source of this poop that Leady has posted is the so-called "Evolution News." But who runs Evolution News? Here is the blurb from their own "about us" page:

Quote:
Evolution News & Science Today (EN) provides original reporting and analysis about evolution, neuroscience, bioethics, intelligent design and other science-related issues, including breaking news about scientific research. It also covers the impact of science on culture and conflicts over free speech and academic freedom in science. Finally, it fact-checks and critiques media coverage of scientific issues.

The articles published at Evolution News are copyright by Discovery Institute and/or the respective authors and shouldn’t be republished without permission. For permission to reprint, contact [email protected].


Ah, the Discovery Institute--here is what the Wikipedia précis on the Discovery Institute has to say:

Quote:
The Discovery Institute (DI) is a non-profit public policy think tank based in Seattle, Washington, best known for its advocacy of the pseudoscientific principle of intelligent design (ID). Its "Teach the Controversy" campaign aims to permit teaching of anti-evolution, intelligent-design beliefs in United States public high school science courses alongside accepted scientific theories, positing that a scientific controversy exists over these subjects.

In Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District (2005), the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania found:

The proper application of both the endorsement and Lemon tests to the facts of this case makes it abundantly clear that the Board's ID Policy violates the Establishment Clause. In making this determination, we have addressed the seminal question of whether ID is science. We have concluded that it is not, and moreover that ID cannot uncouple itself from its creationist, and thus religious, antecedents.

This federal court—along with the majority of scientific organizations, including the American Association for the Advancement of Science—say that the Institute has manufactured the controversy they want to teach by promoting a false perception that evolution is "a theory in crisis"[12] through incorrectly claiming that it is the subject of wide controversy and debate within the scientific community. The court ruled that the Discovery Institute pursues "demonstrably religious, cultural, and legal missions," and the Institute's manifesto, the Wedge Document, describes a religious goal: to "reverse the stifling dominance of the materialist worldview, and to replace it with a science consonant with Christian and theistic convictions." It was the court's opinion that intelligent design was merely a redressing of creationism and that, as such, it was not a scientific proposition.


So, to summarize, one should be careful about sources, and about the possible agenda of every source. One should also be careful of members here who are so dedicated to their own warped world-view that they would post something such as that, which is not about evolution, but rather, is propaganda from an organization dedicated to destroying the concept that the diversity of life on this planet is the product of an evolutionary process.

Par for the course from Leady, no?
TomTomBinks
 
  1  
Reply Fri 26 May, 2017 08:08 am
@Setanta,
Here's a whole big organization dedicated to science denial. Scary when you think about the vast number of people who are willing to deny the evidence of their own senses, ignore physical evidence and dismiss the life long work of so many dedicated scientists. if I'm ever on trial for something I'll tell my lawyer I don't want any Creationists on the jury!
0 Replies
 
Blickers
 
  1  
Reply Fri 26 May, 2017 10:01 am
@roger,
Quote Roger:
Quote:
Does that even make sense? Originated from one man and one women from different areas at different times. From my understanding of reproduction, they had to be at the same time and place at least once.

I can't grasp it either, but that is the accepted scientific hypothesis right now. I've read several explanations in popular science journals about how this is the case-ancestral Eve being much older than ancestral Adam-but it's like reading an explanation of how a transistor or vacuum tube works. I think I can follow it while I'm reading the explanation, but half an hour later I could not even begin to explain what I thought I just understood.
Olivier5
 
  1  
Reply Fri 26 May, 2017 10:07 am
@kk4mds,
kk4mds wrote:
There is some evidence that humans originated from one male and one female, called scientific Adam and scientific Eve, who existed in different areas of Africa and at different times.

That's incorrect. When scientists talk of the "genetic Eve" or "genetic Adam", they mean something totally different from "Adam and Eve" as we see them.
TomTomBinks
 
  1  
Reply Fri 26 May, 2017 12:10 pm
@Blickers,
Every living human can trace their ancestry back to "Adam". Every living human can trace their ancestry back to "Eve". There was a population of humans before them, they were not the first humans.
From the other direction Adam is the bottleneck. In the generations before him, all other parallel lines of ancestry have dead-ended. Same with Eve.
Picture Adam's brothers (let's say he had three). Their lines of descent have all ended. Maybe soon after they were alive, maybe thousands of years later, but at some point they ended. Same with his cousins and his cousin's cousins. Adam's line of descent continues.
0 Replies
 
Blickers
 
  1  
Reply Fri 26 May, 2017 12:12 pm
@Olivier5,
The "genetic Eve" and "genetic Adam" hypothesis is only using the Biblical story as an analogy. The public gets bored with complex scientific names, hence Lucy for an Australopithecene and Turkana Boy.
0 Replies
 
Setanta
 
  1  
Reply Fri 26 May, 2017 01:01 pm
In fact, it's mitochondrial Eve and Y-chromosome Adam--but geeze, those words are hard to say and remember!
0 Replies
 
 

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