In Brazil, Luiz Inacio da Silva passes the 100-day mark while retaining his popularity
Article appeared in the edition of 12.04.03
By Jean-Jacques Sévilla
Going on an opinion poll published on Wednesday 9 april, by the daily Folha de Sao Paulo, president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva retains [..] a capital of popularity unparallelled since the re-establishment, in 1989, [..] of universal suffrage for the elections of the highest authority. "Reasonable" to 40% of those questioned, "good or very good" to a further 43% of them: the achievement is all the more remarkable since the official unemployment rate has risen from 10,5% to 11,6% [..]
However, and that is what the Brazilians remember, the economy has survived the black predictions of George Soros about the imminence of a moratory on public debt, and it continues to surprise the prophets of bad omens by rebounding even in face of the Iraqi crisis.
A cardinal indication of the improvement of the main macro-economic indications, the dollar, that did about 4 reals in december 2002, these last few days has been exchanged for 3,20 reals. As for risque-pays, it just passed underneath the bar of 1,000 points again, after having topped at 2,400 points in September 2002. "The world believes in Brazil anew", Lula trumpeted in a televised speech [..] Brazilian banks and companies have already lifted 6 billion dollars in loans, this year, despite the war in Iraq.
"The shock of credibility has made its effect", is the analysis of Raymundo Magliano, president of the Sao Paulo stock exchange (Bovespa) [..] The accounts of Bovespa, showing a positive balance of 300 million dollars in foreign investments in the first three months, show that the mistrust of the investors vis-a-vis the former trade union leader has considerably weakened. The government has certainly shown evidence of fiscal responsibility in committing itself towards the IMF to increase its primary budget surplus from 3,75% to 4,25% in 2003. [..]
Director of international relations at the Federation of Industries of the state ofg Sao Paulo, Maurice Costin is a spokesman for the employers when he salutes the "sane, calm and orthodox" politics implemented by the economic team. [..] "It's true that one sometimes has to exaggerate in order to convince". [..]
I had understood the USA to teach torture - from some special ops sort of group - but I have forgotten why I believe this.
Now - I had read somewhere of an official US special ops and torture school - that trained foreign nationals currently in favour as well as US personnel - damned if I can remember where, though...
So - NIMH or Craven or Fbaezer - what was the exchange rate of the real before Lula-fear began - what is it now?
I can't pin point the Lula effect on the Real for you. FHC unpegged the currency and that was what took it from 1.20-2.70. Then there was 9/11, then there was the simple fact that elections were looming, ultimately it was that the polls showed a political about face.
There are 2 Lula candidates for president. Which one do you plan to vote for.
1) Lula in favor of property rights:
"You have your land and you produce, know that a PT (workers party) government will not tolerate the disrespect of your property". (Veja - April 2002)
Or for the Lula in favore of land invasions:
"Where there is empty land the worker without abode should invade." (Veja Magazine, May / 1989)
2) Lula ally of Quércia, PL and Sarney:
"If the people of São Paulo are intelligent they will vote for Quércia". (Congresso da Confederação das Mulheres do Brasil, 15/Sept/2002, SP)
Or the Lula of opposition: "I will not give up the divergences(disagreements) I have with Quércia. The PT will not make an alliance with him." (Época Magazine - Janeiro de 2002)
3) Lula in favor of teh Consitution:
"Look, Brazil is a country that has a constitution, a country whose democracy is consolidating." (CBN, 24/May/2001)
Or the Lula that voted against the constitution in 1988:
"The 3rd Constitution was approved by 474 votes in favor and 15 votes against it, all from the PT. Lula, announced that the party voted against the approval of the constitution because of agricultural reform, the maintenance of the military guardianship and the privilideges of the dominant classes". (Jornal do Brasil, 23/09/1988)
4) Lula who promises to create millions of jobs:
"I reaffirm what I have said since the beginning of this campaign: we will create 10 million jobs" (Globo On Line, 31/ Ago/2002)
Or the Lula who takes it back: "When I launched my government program, we did not promise an exact number of jobs" (Globo On Line 11/Set/2002)
5) Lula who defends Congress:
The more we criticize congress, the more we have to understand that the Congress elected on October 6th is the spitting image (translation creativity here, literally it said "is the face of" but the idiom I use is as close as it gets) of the political conscience of our people on the day of their vote.As much as you dislike a member of the house of representatives, he is there because he respresents a segment of society and needs to be respected. (O Globo 28/Set/2002)
Or the Lula that criticizes congress:
"I think Congress does not well represent Brazilian society. Many people vote only because it's obligatory. Congress has a ficticious plot". (O Globo, 10/Aug/1999)
6) Lula who praises the military regime:
"From a strategic view point the military (he is referring to the military dictatorship) thought of Brazil. They distributed income, they left debt but they thought". (Jornal da Tarde, 31/Ago/2002)
Or the Lula against the dictatorship?
(comment made explaning his reversal "I am a species of ongoing metamorphosis"
(Lula, Revista Veja, Outubro de 2001)
Is that change what you want?
The masses wanted change. They were restless and when Lula the radical ran he was embraced.