Axis Austin wrote:
I agree with this statement and take it as evidence for God's temporality. Explaining God's timeless interactions (if God is timeless which you seem to assert) with a temporal world gets difficult. That is, the interaction between time and timelessness is difficult to understand, argue for, etc.
Yes, it is difficult. It is a metaphysical problem I am still working on.
Maybe we should not speak of direct interactions per se.
I can now envision two potential mechanisms for explaining the connection between the timeless and the timefull perspective.
1. The many worlds hypothesis of quantum mechanics. In short every quantum event leads to a new branch within the total space of all possible worldlines. All these worldlines actually exist in one big 'decisionspace' as it were.
But we live on only one of the many branches without ever knowing which one we're on. We will never know about the other timelines, they might as well not be there. We do know from which past timeline we originate. At every quantum decision point a little bit of known past is added to our timeline. But still that does not mean that the other past timelines do not exist as well somewhere out there. All we know is that we are not on one of those, only on our own.
2. The range of QM events resembles a long series of random numbers. If there were to be an inluence(or 'power') of sorts which ensured one of those strings of random numbers came up in preference to another, would we ever know about it?
Assuming a God throwing the dice ten times in a row, you get ten numbers. Now assume God repeats that experiment a thousand times and picks the best possible outcome. Can you detect that such a choice has been made? For you, inside the QM world everything still seems indeterminate. Every new day is a surprise.
And remember, if you have knowledge of the future and you can look back at us, all this quantum stuff disappears like a snowball in hell. From that point of view you receive absolute certainty.
Going back to the many worlds hypothesis it translates to knowing which worldline has been chosen.
Relativity tells you that travelling with the speed of light makes you travel forward in time relative to the rest of the universe at an infinite speed. You reach the end of time instantaneously.
One flaw: time's arrow only points forward. Bringing information back from the future remains impossible.
Axis Austin wrote:
Why does knowledge of all events necessitate a timeless God? Could not God be temporal and yet know past and present?
Only if God can simultaneously interact with every point on the timeline, past, present and future. Because from within your present position on the timeline itself you cannot predict the future.
Let say you were a prophet and God wanted to tell you what will happen in 2012. God will have to know what will happen. You can't predict it yourself because of the laws of QM and/or the laws of chaos dynamics.
God will have to be able to interact with a point in time in 2012 to bring that information back to you in 2008. He cannot follow the path of cause and consequence because then He will reach 2012 no sooner than you will. Prohets who only predict the present are rather useless.
Axis Austin wrote:
Finally to further explain my question about God & QM: scientific/religious people have had a difficult time fitting the two together. Where does God fit into a scientific worldview? I am asking whether or not the unexplained events of the universe (which scientists account for with the uncertainty principle of Quantum Mechanics) can't be better explained as God's actions in the world.
It is supposed to be difficult. If it were not, scientists could eventually prove or disprove the existence of God. That is why we have metaphysics.
So far, every event in the physical world that we see about us has been basically subjectable to the scientific method. It is theoretically still possible that one day we will know all there is to know about the physical world. There is no reason to think that any observable phenomenon should forever remain inexplicable.
And uncertainty is really no more or less than just that: uncertainty. As in throwing dice. The theory itself is crystal clear, and it predicts uncertainty as the outcome. No magic involved.