During my research into the many "fringe sciences", I've come across a very interesting and in fact revolutionary scientific discovery called "Biological Transmutation" (or "Low Energy Transmutation"), which for some strange reason never has been acknowledged by established science, despite what appears to an abundance of eksperimental and observational evidence from many different sources.
In short, the evidence indicates that living organisms are able to transmute elements into other elements, e.g. Na+O => K, through this process, at low temperatures, using the minute amounts of energy available to them. According to the theories of established science this is only possible using giant and complex high energy particle accelerators, using high temperatures and enourmous amounts of energy. And yet, living organisms, microbes, fungi, plants, and animals, seem to do it all the time, as part of their natural pocesses.
The theory behind the process is a bit complex to explain, yet simple and logical when you first understand it. There are details that are yet not fully understood but that which is understood is fully consistent with what the experimental data reveals. Besides, this theory can explain a lot of anomalies in nature and its processes, which have been impossible to explain by the theories of established science, which further confirms its valitidy.
If you want to check out this theory, get the book "Biological Transmutations" by L. Kervran. You can find it at amazon.com:
Here is a chort introduction to the phenomena, taken from the above book:
WHAT ARE BIOLOGICAL TRANSMUTATIONS?
by Herbert Rosenauer
Classical science is confronted in agriculture with many enigmas which it believes can be explained by physico chemistry; but this is presumptuous, and the great physicists are coming to realise that it involves over hasty generalisations. Louis de Broglie, the father of wave mechanics, wrote recently: "It is premature to suppose that we can reduce vital processes to the inadequate conceptions of physico chemistry of the 19th and even the 20th century".
One could fill pages with quotations of this kind (and even with works on this theme) emanating from scientists from all over the world and showing that nature does not obey our physico chemical laws; for nature does not work according to the simplified conditions that prevail in laboratories where the evidence is discovered from which we deduce the laws.
In chemistry we are always referred to a law of Lavoisier's formulated at the end of the 18th century. "Nothing is lost, nothing is created, everything is transformed". This is the credo of all the chemists. They are right: for in chemistry this is true. Where they go wrong is when they claim that nature follows their laws: that Life is nothing more than chemistry.
THE 19th CENTURY20th CENTURYTHE WORKS OF C. LOUIS KERVRAN
From 1935 to 1955, in investigation into effects on man of the conditions in which he lives and works, C. L. Kervran was able to study some clear cases of intoxication caused by carbon monoxide when no one was able to detect CO in the air the men were breathing. It was not until 1955 that he spotted the close parallel between his cases and several other accidents that led to death in a surprisingly short time. This gave him the clue to the cause. From then on, for four years, he undertook systematic research which ended by confirming that nature is capable of transmuting elements. Not just any element, nor anyhow. Nature does not conform to our laws, she cannot do everything and all transmutations are not possible.
After that many examples came to Kervran's notice which remained in his subconscious, because he had not found adequate explanations and he systematically relied on varied research which led him to unravel the rules for the majority of the transmutations. He has made these studies the subject of four volumes. Volume one, Transmutations Biologiques (Lib. Medic. and Scientifiques, Maloine, Paris) was first published in 1952 and by 1955 it had already run through three editions. We hope that one book of his at least will soon be published in England if a publisher can be found. Two have already been published in Japanese in 1962 and 1963.
One cannot in a single article describe all the ramifications of this question of transmutations. We will limit ourselves to showing how it can provide an explanation of many observations made within different sciences working in the field of agriculture.
THE POTASSIUM BALANCE SHEET THAT DOESN'T ADD UPTHE MAGNESIUM BALANCE SHEET THAT DOESN'T ADD UP
In 1947, Prince, Zimmerman and Bear, in New Jersey, on 20 different soils, observed that even if a plot appeared deficient (on chemical analysis) in magnesium, the quantity of magnesium increased in lucerne.
D. Bertrand, in his book Magnesium and Life (P.U.F. Paris) noticed that plants take from the soil 30 to 120 Kg/ha of magnesium. As we do not usually add magnesium fertiliser to the soil at this rate, the greater part of arable land would quickly become exhausted, which the experiment contradicts. But it is not only the fact that the exchangeable magnesium is increased by the addition of unassimilable magnesium becoming slowly available through the influence of the acid secretions of the plants or the micro organisms which explains the phenomena, for all the exchangeable magnesium and the fixed magnesium would disappear quickly enough.
Prof. Kervran has also shown that man under conditions of intense heat, excretes more potassium than he receives, without exhausting his reserves, and he has shown the origin of this potassium which is created or manufactured by everything that lives.
THE NITROGEN BALANCE SHEET DOESN'T ADD UP
In his treatise on the microbiology of soils, Pocbon (and de Barjac) of the Institut Pasteur, Paris, writes: In spite of the considerable number of works on the subject, the question of the balance of nitrogen in soils still raises a veritable enigma: whatever precautions are taken, when one adds up the difference between what is put in and what is taken out, there is always an important portion which cannot be recovered and which varies, according to the conditions, from 15% to 30%. He says besides: "The total balance of nitrogen is deceptive in the sense that it frequently shows a decline in relation to the evidence provided by the soils".
At Rothamsted research work followed for 49 years has shown a loss of nitrogen of 51 t/ha (using NPK fertilisers). At Windsor (Connecticut) 10 years of continuous tobacco cultivation has given a loss of 17 t/ha with SO4 (NH4)2 and of 18 t/ha with urea cyanamide; in glass houses they have found a loss of 16% nitrogen non recoverable.
None of these research workers has been able to see that if N2 disappears, C+O increases, a reversible reaction, according to the circumstances. Or rather, they have seen it, without seeing the meaning of it. Pochon writes: "in the fermentation of farmyard manure the ratio C/N which is 33:1 at the beginning falls to 13:15 at the end of the fermentation". The work of Kervran explains how C can diminish while N increases. What accounts for this decline of the C/N ratio in this fermentation? In other cases we find a disappearance of N and an increase of the carbon compounds.
Research work since 1940 at the Haughley Experimental Farm in England (Soil Association) shows that where organic manures are used the reserve of nitrogen builds up much more than when artificial nitrogen is used: the micro organisms, according to the theory of Kervran, have utilised the carbon and oxygen of the organic manures to create the nitrogen (6C+80=2.7N).
Earthworms are able to increase the calcium in a clay soil; they have glands that excrete CaCO3. Wollny (1890), Puh (1941) Lunt and Jacobsen (1944), Hopp and Clater (1948) have confirmed this. The actinomycetes (streptomyces especially) can also transmute silica into calcium. Here are some statistics taken from a publication of the French Academy of Sciences, 29th June 1964:
................................. SiO2 .... CaO
Sandstone, natural ...... 63.00 ... 01.40
do. modified ............... 35.80 ... 17.34
Thus the lime has increased more than 12 times, whilst the silica has gone down (the other elements measured have not changed to a significant degree); rainwater running down to the bottom of a monument has been measured as well and no possible addition of calcium from an exterior source has appeared. If one calculates the difference between the values above, coming back to the atoms of silica and calcium and not their oxides, one obtains the compensatory formula 14Si+6C=20Ca*, a reaction brought about in the above case by the streptomyces which have been detected in 83 samples. This is the case in "stone sickness" i.e. disfigurement of stone by micro organisms. In the soil it is the same process, and the explanation of the appearance of calcium in the secondary epoch is that it comes out of the silica of the primary.
* According to the system of symbolism used by Kervran.
The field of application of biological transmutations is immense and in this essay there was no possibility of doing more than giving a few examples in order to demonstrate that what is an enigma for chemistry becomes normal in the light of the laws of biological transmutations based upon the evidence put forward by C. L. Kervran as a result of innumerable laboratory experiments in making use of living matter, evidence which has confirmed and proved earlier findings. Nothing is served by denying these facts; agriculture bears witness to their existence. That classical nuclear physics cannot explain them is of no importance: its laws have been deduced in vitro having nothing in common with biology.
These experiments have been done with men, animals and plants and they reveal that enzymes among them some of which have been identified are specifically related to these transmutations, that these enzymes are found in the cells of animal organisms, or the higher plants or in micro organisms: fungi, actinomycetes, bacteria, microscopic algae.
That is why it is indispensable to know about the works of C. L. Kervran in agricultural circles. These works have been the subject of lectures before many conferences of agricultural biologists in Paris, Turin, Lausanne and Brussels. Etc. and they are now taught by many lecturers in agriculture at colleges and institutes.