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I want to be able to see as well as a chicken.

 
 
DrewDad
 
Reply Thu 18 Feb, 2010 11:32 am
Chickens 'One-Up' Humans in Ability to See Color

Quote:
Scientists mapped five types of light receptors in the chicken's eye. They discovered the receptors were laid out in interwoven mosaics that maximized the chicken's ability to see many colors in any given part of the retina, the light-sensing structure at the back of the eye.

"Based on this analysis, birds have clearly one-upped us in several ways in terms of color vision," says Joseph C. Corbo, M.D., Ph.D., senior author and assistant professor of pathology and immunology and of genetics. "Color receptor organization in the chicken retina greatly exceeds that seen in most other retinas and certainly that in most mammalian retinas."

...

Birds likely owe their superior color vision to not having spent a period of evolutionary history in the dark, according to Corbo. Birds, reptiles and mammals are all descended from a common ancestor, but during the age of the dinosaurs, most mammals became nocturnal for millions of years.

...

"The human retina has cones sensitive to red, blue and green wavelengths," Corbo explains. "Avian retinas also have a cone that can detect violet wavelengths, including some ultraviolet, and a specialized receptor called a double cone that we believe helps them detect motion."

In addition, most avian cones have a specialized structure that Corbo compares to "cellular sunglasses": a lens-like drop of oil within the cone that is pigmented to filter out all but a particular range of light. Researchers used these drops to map the location of the different types of cones on the chicken retina. They found that the different types of cones were evenly distributed throughout the retina, but two cones of the same type were never located next to each other.

...
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Type: Discussion • Score: 1 • Views: 1,043 • Replies: 4
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Ragman
 
  0  
Reply Thu 18 Feb, 2010 11:34 am
@DrewDad,
Makes 'em tastier! Yummm!
It tastes just like chicken.
DrewDad
 
  0  
Reply Thu 18 Feb, 2010 11:44 am
@Ragman,
Eye ate you.
sullyfish6
 
  0  
Reply Thu 18 Feb, 2010 12:14 pm
eat lots of eggs and wear a feather boa
0 Replies
 
Ragman
 
  1  
Reply Thu 18 Feb, 2010 01:28 pm
@DrewDad,
Eye'll keep an eye out for you.
0 Replies
 
 

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