It was not uncommon for men in Northern Israel in the days of Jesus to carry three names, one in Hebrew, one in Greek and one in Aramaic.
Joseph the Hebrew, the son of Alexander Helios III/Heli 'A FATHER OF RENOWN'
, and a threat to Herod the Great’s rulership, was murdered by Herod in 13 B.C.
Joseph was also called Cleophas, the masculine form of Cleopatra, which name in Greek means “OF A RENOWN FATHER’
is also called Alphaeus, which is the Aramaic, meaning “OF A RENOWN FATHER
In the subject Guide of Young’s Analytical concordance, it is said that Cleophas who is one and the same as Alpheaus the father of James the younger, the only full brother to Jesus, was the husband of Mary.
Why, while hanging on the cross, did Jesus entrust his mother (Mary, the wife of Cleophas)
into the care of his beloved disciple John, who he had surnamed "Son of Thunder," when his mother had a husband, and two more biological sons, Joseph and James the younger, plus two step-sons Jude and Simeon to care for her?
Believing from scripture that Mary had remarried and had borne James the younger of her three biological sons, to Alpheaus/Cleophas, who had two sons, or adopted sons, “Simeon and Jude” who were born of another woman, (Who was possibly Mary Magdalene, from who, Jesus had driven out seven demons, and who was (I believe) the sister of Joseph/Cleophas/Alphaeus, and therefore the sister-in-law to Mary the wife of Cleophas, as well as being the aunty of Jesus and James, the biological sons of her brother,’ Joseph the son of Heli.) we must now ask the question, ---------did Joseph ben Jacob, Mary’s first husband and Father to young Joseph the second son of Mary of whom we know so little, DIE, or was he still alive at the time of the death of Jesus who was Mary’s first born son?
John 19: 41; Joseph of Arimathea, laid the body of Jesus in a new tomb in which no one had ever been buried. And Luke 23: 53; Joseph of Arimathea, [who is believed by many to be the half-brother of Jesus,] laid the body of Jesus in his own "FAMILY TOMB WHICH HAD NEVER BEEN USED," which would suggest that the father of Joseph from Arimathea was still alive.
If this is the case, then we would be faced with the fact that Joseph ben Jacob, who would have only been in his early sixties when Jesus died, must have divorced Mary at some period, shortly after she had borne to him a son, before issuing her with a bill of divorce sometime after the death of Herod the Great, freeing her from their marriage of convenience, to hide the fact that her son ‘Jesus’ was the son of Joseph/Alphaeus/Cleophas, the son of Alexander Helios III, an actual heir to the throne of King David, which marriage had been organized by the Jewish zealots in Nazareth, in whose care, Mary, the daughter of Alexander Helios III, was entrusted, when her father was murdered when she was only 7years old.
And a copy of that bill of divorce would have been kept in the filing systems of the scribes in the Temple, and it would appear that Joseph, who wanted to live in Judea after returning from Egypt, had raised his son and namesake "Joseph the son of Mary" by himself in the town of Arimathea: this being the reason why so little is known of Joseph the son of Mary, and why James the younger of her three biological sons, is always placed before Joseph, her second born son.
But if Mary had remarried while her past husband was still alive, which was absolutely legal according to the law of Moses in those days, as it is today, she would have been seen to be living in a state of adultery according to the new and controversial teaching of Jesus, which stated that anyone who remarries while their current spouse is still alive, they are committing adultery, and the Jewish authorities would have been right onto him. This is of course, exactly what we see in scripture.
The religious authorities of those days were always looking for ways that they might trap Jesus according to his own teaching and then accuse him to the people, and it was after Jesus had been preaching that if a divorced person remarried while their original spouse was still alive, they were committing adultery, that the hypocritical priests having access to the documents in the Temple, thought that they had the means whereby they could make Jesus appear to the people to have one law for himself and another for everyone else.
Pointing to his mother, who was among the women who followed him from Galilee and ministered to the great teacher who was setting Israel on fire, they said to Jesus in their most patronizing voice, "Teacher, this woman has been caught in the very act of adultery." (This was according to the new teaching of Jesus) "In our law Moses commanded that such a woman must be stoned to death. Now, what do you say?" They said this in order to trap Jesus and accuse him to the people. See John 8: 1 to 11.
Jesus knew what those hypocrites were up to. Those hypocrites who thought nothing of stoning the innocent Stephen to death, were bound by the law of Moses to stone this woman to death if she had indeed been caught in the very act of sexual intercourse with a man other than he, too who she was legally married at that time, which was not the case, as she was guilty of no crime according to the temporal laws of the land.
Jesus turned the tables on them by saying, "He who is without sin may cast the first stone." Then he bent down and wrote something in the dust, perhaps he may have written, "As ye judge, so shall ye be judged." Most men in those days, who had been given by Moses the right to issue their wives with a bill of divorce, had done so and taken younger wives, and according to the new teaching of Jesus, they would have been as guilty as the woman that they were falsely accusing, and the hypocrites knowing full well that the woman had not broken the Law of Moses and was innocent of any crime according to their own teachings, they were forced to walk away with their tails between their legs, thereby admitting to the people that they were not without sin.
Jesus then turned to his mother and asked, "Is there no one left to condemn you?" No one Lord she answered. "Well then," said Jesus, "I do not condemn you either. Go, but don’t sin again," and it was for this reason that the mother of Jesus chose to remain separate from her husband Cleophas and his children, Simeon, Judas, and James the younger: and this is the reason why, on the cross, Jesus entrusted his mother, "Mary the wife of Cleophas," into the care of his beloved disciple John.
Her husband Cleophas/Alphaeus and his sons, James, Simeon and Jude, did not abandon Mary, but rather, it was she who abandoned them, in obedience to her firstborn.
Acts 1: 14; It was the custom of the disciples after the death of Jesus, to meet and worship with the mother and family of Jesus; [His sisters, his father Cleophas/Alpheaus/Joseph the son of Heli, his half brother Simeon, etc].
Then after Peter was miraculously released from prison, Peter ran straight to the house where he knew the faithful would be gathered in prayer for his safety, to the House of Mary the Mother of young John, who had been surnamed "MARK
," which, according to Young's Analytical Concordance to the Bible, means, "Hammer, or the Hammerer," and John surnamed "Mark," is associated with young John, who Jesus had surnamed "Son of thunder." [Thor]
Joseph the son of Heli, also called Alphaeus and Cleophas, who the disciples were to later surname Barnabas, was a disciple of Jesus. He was a Macedonian native of Cyprus, where he possessed land (Acts 4:36, 37), which he sold, giving the proceeds to the church in Jerusalem.
Paul and Barnabas were appointed as missionaries to Asia Minor. It was in this capacity, and taking with them, young John who was surnamed “Mark,” who was the adopted son of Mary the half-sister of Joseph who had been surnamed Barnabas, they visited Cyprus and some of the principal cities of Pamphylia, Pisidia, and Lycaonia (Acts 13:14).
After they had returned to Antioch from the Jerusalem council and after spending some time there (15:35), Paul asked Barnabas to accompany him on another journey (15:36). Barnabas wished to take John surnamed Mark along, but Paul did not, as he had left them on the former journey (15:37-38). The dispute ended by Paul and Barnabas taking separate routes. Paul took Silas as his companion, and journeyed through Syria and Cilicia; while Barnabas took John surnamed Mark to visit Cyprus and the land of Pamphylia, where today, in the town of Ephesus, the grave sites of John the beloved and Mary the [Half-sister] of Joseph/Barnabas and adopted mother to John the beloved disciple, can still be visited.
ανεψιος [anepsios] appears only the one time in the New Testament: In Young’s Literal Translation its meaning is “Nephew,” Salute you doth Aristarchus, my fellow-captive, and Marcus, the nephew of Barnabas, In the King James Version, it is translated “Sister’s son.” “Marcus, sister’s son to Barnabas.” John surnamed Mark was the son, adopted son, or grandson, of Mary the sister to Joseph who was surnamed Barnabas.