Turning Points of WWII that Led Nazis to Loss

Reply Tue 10 Sep, 2019 03:34 am

Seventy four years ago the most terrifying war in the history of humanity ended. It involved 80% of the planet's population and according to various estimations took the lives of 60-65 million people. Taking into account a rather tense foreign policy situation, it will be worth recalling the most significant events of that war and their contribution to the victory over the Hitler Germany and its allies.

September, 1939. Poland

September 1, 1939 the German troops crossed the Polish border. The pretext for the intrusion was capture of the radio station in Gliwice. Later it revealed that the invaders were SS soldiers dressed in Polish military uniform. Then the UK, France and other countries having alliance obligations towards Poland declared war on Germany. Thus the WWII began. Polish army was unable to organize sufficient resistance to the well-trained and perfectly armed German soldiers. However, there were really fierce battles on some areas. For instance, 720 soldiers restrained a 40,000 Hitler's unit during three days. However, on September 17 the Polish government escaped to Romania, and on September 28 German troops occupied Warsaw.

May, 1940. France

Despite a declared war the UK and France don't actively fight up to April, 1940. Some skirmishes periodically take place on the sea. However, starting from April 9 Germany actively attacks in Europe and by the end of May occupies the most of European countries. On June 14 the Hitler's forces entered Paris without a fight. The unique but very significant event of that period is the evacuation of almost 240,000 British soldiers through Dunkirk. Thus, despite a tactical defeat Great Britain managed to preserve the military staff.

August-September, 1940. Great Britain

After the occupation of France Hitler ordered to invade Britain. However, taking into account the power of the Royal Fleet and the absence of landing operations experience, German command decided to ensure air supremacy. For two months of attacks to English cities a great number of civil people died. Nevertheless, the His Majesty's subjects managed to win 'the battle for Britain' and frustrate German plans to invade the island.

June-July, 1941. The USSR Western border

The attack on the Soviet Union was one of the most significant Hitler's initiatives in the entire war. In a short time German forces advanced deep into the country, destroying significant forces of the Red Army. A great amount of material resources was captured. Military units made up of captives were formed for the further war on the Eastern front. However, the global aim of the Barbarossa operation - the overthrow of communists and the capture of the capital - was never achieved.

December, 1941. Moscow

It was where the Hitler's forces were defeated for the first time. Ignoring casualties, the Soviet troops defended the capital and went on a counterattack. As a result Germans were thrown 200-250 kilometers back from the Soviet capital by early 1942.

December 7, 1941. Pearl Harbor

The battle lasted as long as 90 minutes and ended with a paralysis of the US Fleet in the Pacific Ocean. That event did become the cause of the US entry into the war. It's really one of the turning points of the whole war.

June, 1942. Midway

It's the most important victory of the American Navy over Japan, which allowed seizing the strategic initiative in the Southern part of the Pacific Ocean. Four brand-new Japanese aircraft carriers were sent to the bottom there.

November, 1942. North Africa

The landing of allies in Morocco and Algeria was the first successful offensive operation against the Hitler's forces. Moreover, the Torch operation was the first one the American troops took part in. That operation created prerequisites to the invasion of Sicily and Italy capitulation.

November, 1942 - January 1943. Stalingrad

That battle on the USSR territory lasted three months. As a result German troops were cut off from reserve forces and gave up in January 31. It was the first time in the entire war when the whole army surrendered. It was an anxious signal for the Third Reich leadership. After that battle the Nazi Germany went to defense.

July - August, 1943. The USSR: Bryansk, Oryol, Belgorod, Kharkiv

The offense of the Hitler's forces was stopped at the cost of enormous casualties. However, the counterattack of the Soviet troops provided the strategic initiative all over the front, and by February 1944 the Red Army achieved the prewar border.

July - September, 1943. Italy

After the victory in North Africa the allies consolidated success with bombing of Rome on May 16, 1943 and landed on Sicily on July 10. The troops loyal to Mussolini got into a critical situation, and that fact significantly swayed his positions in the country. As a result of the plot of his nearest allies the Italian dictator was arrested on July 25. On September 3, Italy signed capitulation act without any amendments.

June - July, 1944. Normandy

Thanks to the landing of the allies on Normandy on June 6, 1944 it became possible to quickly free Western Europe. The D-Day and further combats are considered to be the main events of the whole war. As a result the Wehrmacht troops retreated to the very German border.

June - July, 1944. Belarus

The offensive of the Soviet troops in Belarus three days after the D-Day got the name of the Bagration operation. Thanks to its scale and results it may be considered as the most important one in the Eastern Front. During the operation the whole German army was destroyed and the rest of militarized Wehrmacht groups who realized that the allies were coming from the West, were finally defeated.

August, 1944. Moldova, Romania

The defeat of the German-Romanian unit in Moldova and the withdrawal of Romania from the war are rightfully considered to be another turning point in the war. The artillery preparation before the attack was so strong that 10 kilometers of defensive positions were burnt up in a few hours. The German-Romanian Jassy-Kishinev unit was surrounded by August 24, i.e. just four days after the start of the operation. At the same time an uprising broke out in Bucharest and the Nazi government got arrested. The surrounded troops and reinforcements sent by Hitler to oppress the uprising got destroyed by August 29.That battle opened the way for the Soviet troops to the Balkans where the Wehrmacht troops fled from being frustrated with an overwhelming defeat of Romania and Moldova.

April 25 - May 2, 1945. Berlin

The Soviet troops finally surrounded the German capital. The assault began and about 460 thousand Soviet people took part in it. The garrison of Berlin counted not less than 200 thousand soldiers and officers. Despite fierce resistance and strong defensive positions, by May 1, the Wehrmacht troops only owned the Tiergarten park and the governmental block. At night on May 2, the last center of organized resistance, which is the Reichstag garrison, capitulated.

After that Adolf Hitler's regime lasted for less than a week. Being aware of inevitable retribution, he committed a suicide. The outstanding success of allies on the Western front as well as the swift offensive of the Soviet troops on the Eastern front didn't give that monster of the XX century a chance to survive. Japan, the last ally of the Third Reich, lasted a little longer. After a streak of major defeats by the end of July and Hiroshima and Nagasaki nuclear bombing on August 6 and 9 respectively, the capitulation act of Japan was signed on the USS Missouri board on September 2, 1945. Today, 79 years after the most terrible war on planet Earth, the history lessons need to be remembered. Who knows if a new Nazi chimera appears and plunges the world into the abyss of horror again using the blindness of the international community?
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Reply Tue 10 Sep, 2019 07:57 am
Your point?
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Reply Tue 10 Sep, 2019 10:00 am
V-E Day is commemorated on May 8th. You're a bit late.
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Reply Mon 27 Jul, 2020 01:01 pm
That list is like a "Populist WW2 timeline from the media of the winners!"

WW2 or more accurately WW1 Pt 2, or "The Great Patriotic war' in Russia ..... is way too vast, wide and complex a subject for any simplistic timeline.

There is a whole raft of populist assumptions held within the egocentric western Allied retelling and redacting of the European theatre of WW2 & the Asian theatre of course.

Pearl Harbour for example, first act of war between Japan and the USA? No, two hours previous to the Pearl Harbour attack the US had sunk a Japanese submarine along that coast line. The US started it in reality.

"The German military machine was a vast, perfect well oiled operation with hugely superior weapons!" ... Absolutely not true. Whilst Germany had some very fine weapons nearly all of them were practically problematic. They were often too well made, too complicated, too dependent on hand finished parts. For example:

* Their mainline tanks were too fragile, too thirsty and way too much of them was 'hand made' and so could not be scavenged for parts. Plus, there was not enough them, they just took too long to build.

* Their fighter planes required special oils and fuels, the lack of which which is what kept them grounded over much of the Dunkirk 'battle' and later D-Day.

* When Speer took over as Minister for production, his first task was to stop making a vast array of weapons which all did much the same job and concentrate on a few. German slave labour making their weapons and ordnance did not always have the desired effect for quality to say the least.

I mean it is endless ... Why did the USA hold Nuremberg at all? Propaganda purposes only and it was scant of anything near 'justice'.

When does a certain type of UK citizen grasp that the UK was at best a decent car park for the US & Others ..... The UK achieved little, the so called Battle of Britain created by a German feint which was all to do with Russia and little to do with the UK. BTW, 17 different nationalities flew the UK planes in that period.

Questions like why did Hitler declare war on the USA .... He had precise reasons which did not pan out for him.

Why did the UK & France declare war on Germany in 1939 when it invaded half of Poland ... But did not mention when Russia invaded the other half of Poland about 3 weeks later? They had their reasons.

Then let us brush upon the very surface of the appalling and terrible Holocaust, the Einsatzgruppen etc etc ...

This subject has been the greatest whitewash by the Allies, their failure to stop it and their part in it's creation which are all historical fact ... The Holocaust 100% happened, millions and millions died for no good reason in the eyes of those outside of the 3rd Reich management.

But the USA/UK had endless chances to stop the issues before they started, certainly for the German Jews of which there were just 1/2 million .... Germany from 1933 was making any and all efforts to ship it's Jews out. Paying the USA & UK to take them! But the USA & UK soon refused to take any more, not even the children, because they were just as Anti Semitic as the rest of the west at that time in history.

Why then did the 3rd Reich want the Jew gone from it's environs? Because of pure economic and economic-political reasons ..... People should read the various books which cover the economic realities that were created in Austria 1937/8, for/by the NS 3rd Reich ... Then how that knowledge metamorphosed, with endless and extremely major input from academia .... into the Wannsee plan which has become known as 'The Final Solution for the Jewish Question' ...... It was not created by thugs, or 'evil men', it was created by mathematicians, economists, psychologists and sociologists plus many others.

Ever wondered why academics constantly complain they cannot research something because they cannot get that research past the Ethics Committee? The 3rd Reich is much the cause of that.

To repeat the Holocaust happened and is probably worse than most people realise in it's horrors ..... However the Allies would have you believe it was this sudden and random insanity ..... It was nothing of the sort ..... It was neither a foregone conclusion in 1933, it was not the natural end to Aktion T4, it was not a sudden act in 1940 from the Einsatzgruppen that gave Heydrich an instant thought.

If one sees oneself as the master race, then you kill sentient animals and eat them without thought. As today mostly all societies do, because we human consider ourselves to be the master race.

When Rome was the Master race it didn't know it would become a template not for Mussolini but for the 3rd Reich ... When a country decides it is the Master race, then the killing of sentient animals as mostly all non-Germanic Aryans were seen, is an economic decision. It is bizarrely, nothing personal, just business.

When Himmler was asked if Jewish children were his enemy he replied "No, but their blood is...."

One can post 65,000 characters on here, maybe enough to post a small forward to an account for one small part of WW2.

In every country, in all populations between 1939 and 1945 there was vast suffering and personal sacrifice that can never be given sufficient gravitas ..... But all sides committed war crimes; ALL sides.

All countries, peoples and armies committed abominations against humanity and supposed decency .... But the victors write history. Some people however are not taken in by that.
Reply Mon 24 Aug, 2020 05:53 pm
General Patton. "We defeated the wrong enemy". Shortly after they murdered him.
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