We've had skunks several times. The spray is similar, chemically, to the stuff put into gasoline to give it an odor, so you may notice it almost smells like a garage. Sometimes the smell can be bad enough to wake you up or permeate your dreams.
In addition to what you're doing, take a good, look whiff of any draperies near the area, including a flight above it. You may have to launder them, too.
I never tried Vicks under the nose but I have gone with scented lotion right under my nose. That helps a bit or at least helps you get back to sleep.
Skunks den but they usually move on after a night or two, unless the eating is particularly good or there are very young babies. Since it's past skunk baby time, your deceased guest may have been looking for food. So, be careful with edible garbage. If you have a disposal unit, use it, and put all items that cannot go into the disposal into ziploc bags and then seal them. That means everything - banana peels, chicken bones, whatever. If you don't have a disposal, you'll have to do this with everything edible that's heading into the trash, so no more scraping plates over the can - scrape the refuse into ziploc bags and seal them, then toss them in the can. BTW, if you've had problems with neighborhood dogs getting into the trash, this should stop that or at least slow it down considerably, because you're masking the smell. Of course this doesn't do anything about your neighbors' trash habits, so you may still smell skunks if they visit your neighbors' garbage cans, but the smell should at least be a bit diminished.