The Eierland Lighthouse is a lighthouse on the northernmost tip of the island of Texel (Netherlands). It is named for the former island Eierland.
means "egg land", named for the seagull eggs that were collected on the island and sent to Amsterdam.
But that's not only thing worth mentioning regarding this lighthouse: during the Opstand der Georgiërs
("Georgian Uprising") of April 1945 the lighthouse suffered heavy damage.
Background: since 1940, the Germans had occupied Texel and built a central point of their Atlantic Wall there. Georgian soldiers, arrested by the Wehrmacht on the eastern front and deported to Texel, finally dared to revolt against the Nazis.
In the night from 5 to 6 April they killed 400 German soldiers - all soldiers in the same Wehrmacht unit as they were, the 822nd Georgian Infantry Battalion Queen Tamara [Ostlegionen
("eastern legions"), Ost-Bataillone
("eastern battalions"), Osttruppen
("eastern troops"), and Osteinheiten
("eastern units") were units in the Army of Nazi Germany during World War II that were made up of personnel from countries comprising the Soviet Union. They represented a major subset within a broader number of the Wehrmacht foreign volunteers and conscripts.]
The Germans received reinforcements. Many civilians also fell victim to the merciless actions of the Germans - German artillery fired at every settlement where Georgians were suspected.
For two weeks a fierce partisan fight raged, devastating almost the entire island. In the end the Georgians, far outnumbered, had only the lighthouse in the north of Texel in their hands.
When the Germans finally succeeded in conquering the lighthouse, the Georgians committed suicide.
It was the last victory of the German Wehrmacht.
However, many Germans then behaved so fanatically as if it was a matter of winning the final victory of the Third Reich on Texel. Even the capitulation of the German troops in Holland on 5 May did nothing to change that. The Allies did not show up, and the Germans refused to surrender their weapons.
For two long weeks the war after the war lasted: the Dutch had decorated the streets and houses and were waiting for the allied liberators who did not come.
Instead, German troops, fully armed and sometimes singing merrily, marched through the towns and villages. Again and again there were skirmishes with Georgians.
Only a regulation organized by Dutchmen prevented the worst shootings: The Germans were allowed to move freely - and with weapons - on the island during the day, the Georgians after sunset.
Only when Canadian troops landed on the "forgotten island" on 20 May the German troops were disarmed. The Canadian commander put the losses of the Georgians at 470, those of the Germans at 2347 men.
About 150 locals died, too.
But in the Netherlands, Europa's laatste slagveld
("Europe's last battlefield") has received less attention than the number of victims would suggest.
And tourists don't know about it at all.
But in the Texel Aviation & War Museum, a smaller part of the exhibition is reserved for a permanent exhibition about the uprising.