3
   

Failed to understand the meaning of "only" here

 
 
Reply Mon 2 Feb, 2015 12:20 pm
In "which in turn damage only certain organs", it seems "only" can be removed without affecting the meaning.
What do you think?

Context:
No one wishes to dispense with the blessings of modern medicine, which took away the dread of many diseases. The flipside of the coin: To ensure that effective and safe medications are available, experiments on animals in research laboratories are indispensable. Throughout the world, researchers are working on alternatives to animal experiments. Yet it is difficult to find a substitute. Because in order to understand the effect of a substance, it is not enough to test the substance on isolated tissue samples or cells. "Most medications work systemically -- that is to say, on the organism as a whole. In doing so, toxic substances frequently emerge through metabolic processes, which in turn damage only certain organs," explains Dr. Frank Sonntag of the Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology IWS.

MOre:
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/02/150202080638.htm
 
View best answer, chosen by oristarA
dalehileman
 
  3  
Reply Mon 2 Feb, 2015 01:55 pm
@oristarA,
Ori the "only" suggests that the writer supposes the reader might mistakenly assume those metabolic processes likely to damage a larger number of organs

Highly technical distinction

Help, Con
0 Replies
 
InfraBlue
 
  3  
Reply Mon 2 Feb, 2015 01:58 pm
It's not just that certain organs are affected. Certain organs are affected and no others.
0 Replies
 
contrex
  Selected Answer
 
  3  
Reply Mon 2 Feb, 2015 01:58 pm
@oristarA,
The word 'only' makes clear and emphasises that the damage is confined to certain organs, and no others. If it is removed, then the clarity and emphasis are also removed.

The processes damage some organs. (A vague general statement)

The processes damage only certain organs (and leaves other organs undamaged; this is the point.)

0 Replies
 
InfraBlue
 
  1  
Reply Mon 2 Feb, 2015 01:59 pm
Wow, simultaneous (pronounced the British way) posts!
contrex
 
  1  
Reply Mon 2 Feb, 2015 04:51 pm
@InfraBlue,
InfraBlue wrote:
Wow, simultaneous (pronounced the British way) posts!

Is there more than one way to pronounce that word?
oristarA
 
  1  
Reply Mon 2 Feb, 2015 11:30 pm
@contrex,
contrex wrote:

InfraBlue wrote:
Wow, simultaneous (pronounced the British way) posts!

Is there more than one way to pronounce that word?


BrE: /,sɪm(ə)l'teɪnɪəs/ for simultaneous;
AmE: /,saɪml'tenɪəs/
0 Replies
 
 

Related Topics

 
  1. Forums
  2. » Failed to understand the meaning of "only" here
Copyright © 2018 MadLab, LLC :: Terms of Service :: Privacy Policy :: Page generated in 0.05 seconds on 12/11/2018 at 06:16:10