Let us first realize that Allah is absolutely other than His creation. The Creator cannot by any means be the same type of being as that which He creates. It also follows that to ‘locate’ Allah would be to place Him in our space and time dimension when we know this is definitely not the case. Allah is not in our space/time dimension. He is not subject to the same constraints that we are. This is self-evident to sense and reason.
If you ask: where (is God), this question is about the place, and He is above place and capability because He is the Creator of place. If you say: in, it is for the time and He is before and after time as He is the Creator of time and place, if you say: before, He is before the before and nothing was there before Him, if you say: after, He is after the after and nothing will be there after Him. Every thought comes to your mind has an end and God is different from this because He is perfect.
Whoever contemplates how the universe was formed and the laws that run it, the human body and the facts inside it, he will realize that this universe was formed in a way that makes it perfectly suitable for the existence of life and people.
The universe requires accurate adjustment for millions of steady facts and universal phenomena because any defect in those facts won’t allow this universe or live on it to be stable. The natural features of the earth were set accurately to match the requirements of continuity of life and the existence of man. The establishment of the universe and the earth to be suitable for life and man requires that God must be acquainted by the sustenance of His deeds and the continuity of His characteristics in everything inside or around us from God’s innovation and its permanency in life. God is always there by His deeds’ qualities, the facts of His ability and His clear will about everything we see inside or around us, God says:
“Soon will We show them our Signs in the (furthest) regions (of the earth), and in their own souls, until it becomes manifest to them that this is the Truth.” Surat Fosselat, Verse 53.