From 1912 till 1952 Piltdown was comsidered "real" by all but a few skeptical scientists, (Most really had no dogs in the fight and just didnt question the fact that there were 3 distinct pieces all meld together with a K Permangnate "Wash" to cover the obvious sutures and mis fit areas.
In 1935 Alan Marston, who had , by using his skills as a dentist, ascertaind the authenticity of the Swanscombe man an, by his same skills , he was casting doubts on Piltdown. Thus, he was able to , by simple succession analyses over tooth structure and sizes ,pull down an air of skepticism over Piltdown.However,such notables as Tielhard de Chardin and SIr Arthur Keith were so aligned along with the original Piltdown manufcturers, that their alignment added some phony sense of authority to Piltdowns authenticity.
Marston didnt give up, but it took him another 14 years to get some real muscle to finally whack the stools out from under the fraud perps (which in my mind should always include Teilhard and Keith, by the same ruule that states that, no matter how just your entire life has been, justdiddle one little boys cock and your done)[Sorry, Ive just been reading Hawkees BS about PEnn State].
ANYWAYY. Kenneth Oakley , among several other tools hed given to geology, discovered the "Flourine dating test" which ws a very good qualitative aging tool (just prior to Carbon 14 )
Oakley , Marston, and two other scientists , J L Weiner and Weilfred Le Gros(Anthropologist and a paleoanthropologist) had collaborted in more detailed exams of Piltdown and conducted the emerging C14 testing (Which Oakley also hd a part in developing but was never given any credit). Bonal exams of parts of the various teeth and C14 of the segments of all the jaw and "coconut" had revealed that this thing was a hodgepodge amalgam of an old skull cap (probably neanderthal), simian upper jaw section (of an earlier age
An teeth and lower jaw segments of modern simians and even a goat.
They published the findings in 1953 in the Journal of the British Museum
and the whole thing went off in a 1953 version of what we;d now say is VIRAL. Piltdown became the subject of comedy acts as the firts guy in history (or prehistory) to have worn "false teeth"
Keith, Teilhard, and the original perp , a ponzi like guy named Chares Dawson had been exposed. Keith and Teilhard (because he was apriest) were given benefits of the doubt (I woulda piled all over them were I on the ed board for the Journal.
There are many of these stories in science that provide amusement and most of the really big ones ,like Piltdown and Cardiff, and the dragon of Klagenfurt, had very long tales that started in one scientific age and wound up with their terminal tales many years later after entirely new scientific tools became available.