Consider the whole range of the anti rationality that came out of that age in characters like Baudelaire, the French Poet who did much to bring Poe into the light, or the philosopher Nietzsche, or later, Freud.
Youre not a teacher in junior high are you?
Just because I am pedantic is no reason to assume I have had the benefit of a formal education... I would suggest a Thomas Mann essay: "Dostoyevsky--- Within Limits".... Dostoyevsky too suffered his madness, his fits, and his obscessions... There, Mann considers both Nietzsche and Dostoyevsky and the relationship between mental disease and creativity... Might be an interesting and informative piece, and give the kid two points of a triangle with Poe as a third... Just a thought...
How would you consider these works... Are they not in the Gothic Romance style of Shelly's Frankenstein???