Reply Sun 28 Aug, 2011 07:49 pm
Explain how and why the pressure felt by deep sea divers changes as the diver goes deeper into the water. Include the terms force, fluid, and pressure.
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Reply Sun 28 Aug, 2011 07:59 pm
We don't do homework here, sorry.
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Reply Sun 28 Aug, 2011 08:02 pm
You can research it by typing into Google or Wikipedia the following terms:

Rapture of the deep
Nitrogen narcosis
Decompression sickness (divers' disease, the bends or caisson disease)

Here's a start:
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Reply Sun 28 Aug, 2011 08:42 pm
The how is simple, water pressure.

At the surface, there is the weight of one atmosphere on us - 14.7 pounds of force per square inch. Water, a fluid, weighs more than air - each 33 feet of water equals the weight of the atmosphere. The force exerted upon a body is the same whether it's sea water or fresh water in a lake.

At 66 feet a diver has 3 atmospheres of pressure on their body, one from the air and two from the water. A diver doesn't really feel the change in pressure except in the ears, which have to be "cleared"/adjusted to the pressure change as a diver descends or the mask which is compressed against the diver's face. Blowing a small amount of air out thru the nose equalizes that pressure.

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