It is highly unlikely. I googled for a while and couldn't find a single case where an otherwise healthy person died this way.
Sleep Apnea is linked with increase death rates from other causes (i.e. stroke or heart attack). But look at mortality statistics (which lists the ways to die and the number people who die this way). This doesn't even make the list.
If this was just a one time symptom of a cold, then I wouldn't worry about it. If this happens more times then it might be sleep apnea (which you should have treated). In that case I would certainly talk to my doctor and ask to see a specialist.