Jimmy Carter - 90 Years Old Today

Reply Wed 1 Oct, 2014 04:51 am
Jimmy Carter – 39th President of the United States and Founder of The Carter Center
Jimmy Carter (James Earl Carter, Jr.), 39th president of the United States, was born Oct. 1, 1924, in the small farming town of Plains, Ga., and grew up in the nearby community of Archery. His father, James Earl Carter Sr., was a farmer and businessman; his mother, Lillian Gordy Carter, a registered nurse.
He was educated in the public school of Plains, attended Georgia Southwestern College and the Georgia Institute of Technology, and received a Bachelor of Science degree from the United States Naval Academy in 1946. In the Navy he became a submariner, serving in both the Atlantic and Pacific fleets and rising to the rank of lieutenant. Chosen by Admiral Hyman Rickover for the nuclear submarine program, he was assigned to Schenectady, N.Y., where he took graduate work at Union College in reactor technology and nuclear physics, and served as senior officer of the pre-commissioning crew of the Seawolf, the second nuclear submarine.
On July 7, 1946, he married Rosalynn Smith of Plains. When his father died in 1953, he resigned his naval commission and returned with his family to Georgia. He took over the Carter farms, and he and Rosalynn operated Carter's Warehouse, a general-purpose seed and farm supply company in Plains. He quickly became a leader of the community, serving on county boards supervising education, the hospital authority, and the library. In 1962 he won election to the Georgia Senate. He lost his first gubernatorial campaign in 1966, but won the next election, becoming Georgia's 76th governor on Jan. 12, 1971. He was the Democratic National Committee campaign chairman for the 1974 congressional and gubernatorial elections.

President Jimmy Carter
On Dec. 12, 1974, he announced his candidacy for president of the United States. He won his party's nomination on the first ballot at the 1976 Democratic National Convention and was elected president on Nov. 2, 1976.
Jimmy Carter served as president from Jan. 20, 1977 to Jan. 20, 1981. Significant foreign policy accomplishments of his administration included the Panama Canal treaties, the Camp David Accords, the treaty of peace between Egypt and Israel, the SALT II treaty with the Soviet Union, and the establishment of U.S. diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China. He championed human rights throughout the world. On the domestic side, the administration's achievements included a comprehensive energy program conducted by a new Department of Energy; deregulation in energy, transportation, communications, and finance; major educational programs under a new Department of Education; and major environmental protection legislation, including the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act.

Books & Accomplishments
Mr. Carter is the author of 28 books, many of which are now in revised editions: Why Not the Best? 1975, 1996; A Government as Good as Its People, 1977, 1996; Keeping Faith: Memoirs of a President, 1982, 1995; Negotiation: The Alternative to Hostility, 1984, 2003; The Blood of Abraham: Insights into the Middle East, 1985, 1993, 2007; Everything to Gain: Making the Most of the Rest of Your Life, written with Rosalynn Carter, 1987, 1995; An Outdoor Journal: Adventures and Reflections, 1988, 1994; Turning Point: A Candidate, a State, and a Nation Come of Age, 1992; Talking Peace: A Vision for the Next Generation, 1993, 1995; Always a Reckoning, and other Poems, 1995; The Little Baby Snoogle-Fleejer, illustrated by Amy Carter, 1995; Living Faith, 1996; Sources of Strength: Meditations on Scripture for a Living Faith, 1997; The Virtues of Aging, 1998; An Hour before Daylight: Memories of a Rural Boyhood, 2001; Christmas in Plains: Memories, 2001; The Nobel Peace Prize Lecture, 2002; The Hornet's Nest: A Novel of the Revolutionary War, 2003; Sharing Good Times, 2004; Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis, 2005; Palestine Peace Not Apartheid, 2006, 2007; Beyond the White House: Waging Peace, Fighting Disease, Building Hope, 2007; A Remarkable Mother, 2008; We Can Have Peace in the Holy Land: A Plan That Will Work, 2009; White House Diary, 2010; Through the Year with Jimmy Carter: 366 Daily Meditations from the 39th President, 2011; as general editor, NIV Lessons from the Life Bible: Personal Reflections with Jimmy Carter, 2012; and A Call to Action: Women, Religion, Violence, and Power, 2014.

The Carter Center
In 1982, he became University Distinguished Professor at Emory University in Atlanta, Ga., and founded The Carter Center. Actively guided by President Carter, the nonpartisan and nonprofit Center addresses national and international issues of public policy. Carter Center staff and associates join with President Carter in efforts to resolve conflict, promote democracy, protect human rights, and prevent disease and other afflictions. The Center has spearheaded the international effort to eradicate Guinea worm disease, which is poised to be the second human disease in history to be eradicated.
President Carter and The Carter Center have engaged in conflict mediation in Ethiopia and Eritrea (1989), North Korea (1994), Liberia (1994), Haiti (1994), Bosnia (1994), Sudan (1995), the Great Lakes region of Africa (1995-96), Sudan and Uganda (1999), Venezuela (2002-2003), Nepal (2004-2008), Ecuador and Colombia (2008), and the Middle East (2003-present). Under his leadership The Carter Center has sent ninety-six election-observation missions to the Americas, Africa, and Asia. These include Panama (1989), Nicaragua (1990), Guyana (1992), China (1997), Nigeria (1998), Indonesia (1999), East Timor (1999), Mexico (2000), Guatemala (2003), Venezuela (2004), Ethiopia (2005), Liberia (2005), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2006), Nepal (2008), Lebanon (2009), Sudan (2010), Tunisia (2011), Egypt (2011-2012), and Kenya (2013).
The permanent facilities of The Carter Presidential Center were dedicated in October 1986, and include the Jimmy Carter Library and Museum, administered by the National Archives. Also open to visitors is the Jimmy Carter National Historic Site in Plains, administered by the National Park Service.
Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter volunteer one week a year for Habitat for Humanity, a nonprofit organization that helps needy people in the United States and in other countries renovate and build homes for themselves. Since 2007, President Carter also has served as a member of The Elders, a group of independent global leaders. He teaches Sunday school and is a deacon in the Maranatha Baptist Church of Plains. For recreation, he enjoys fly-fishing, woodworking, and swimming. The Carters have three sons, one daughter, nine grandsons, three granddaughters, four great-grandsons and five great-granddaughters.
On Dec. 10, 2002, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2002 to Mr. Carter "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development."
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Reply Sun 5 Oct, 2014 09:04 pm

Below are many interesting personal facts about the 39th President of the United States, Jimmy Carter, courtesy of the Carter Center in Atlanta, GA.
The Basic Facts

Birthdate: October 1, 1924, 7:00 a.m., in Plains, Georgia.
Full Name: James Earl Carter, Jr.
Nickname: Hot
Years in Office: 1977–1981
Party: Democrat
Vice President: Walter F. Mondale
First Lady: Eleanor Rosalynn Smith
Children: John, James Earl III, Jeffrey, Amy
Nickname: Hot
Fast Fact: The first president born in a hospital.
Height: 5 feet, 9 1/2 inches tall.
Eye Color: Blue.
Hair Color: Light brown/gray.
Hat Size: 7 (but he doesn't wear hats).

Music: Likes a wide variety of classical, bluegrass, country, and folk music, including favorites Bob Dylan, Allman Brothers, Paul Simon, and the Marshall Tucker Band. Regularly attends ballet, opera, and symphonic concerts.
Favorite Hymns: "Amazing Grace," "Blest Be the Tie That Binds," and "The Navy Hymn."
Sports and Hobbies

Played basketball at Plains High School.
Ran cross-country and played under-140 lb. football at Annapolis.
Life-long tennis player (the family had a dirt court on the farm when he was a child).
Plays softball and billiards, bowls, fishes, hunts (especially wild turkey, quail, and dove).
Rode a motorcycle before entering politics.
To keep in shape, rides a bicycle, jogs, and plays tennis.
Dances with Rosalynn.
Collects bottles and arrowheads.
Reads 3 to 4 books a week, and has taken a speed-reading course.
Has paddled canoes, kayaks, and rafts many times on Georgia rivers.
Panned for gold successfully in North Georgia.
Sometimes watches television for recreation.
Has taken a memory retention course.
Favorite spectator sport is baseball.
Food and Meals

Breakfast: Usually orange juice, coffee, fruit, and cereal. Sometimes pancakes.
Lunch: A sandwich, cup of soup, and small salad.
Dinner: Varies depending on the occasion.
Snacks: Fresh fruit.
More Favorites

Favorite Foods: Sirloin steak, medium rare. Any kind of fish or poultry. Corn bread. Any vegetables except beans. Salad with Roquefort dressing. Frozen yogurt.
First Car: 1948 Studebaker "Commander." Drove it cross-country in 1948.
Favorite Color: Blue.
Favorite Gift to Receive (as a youth): Books.
Favorite Books: "Let Us Now Praise Famous Men" by James Agee and "War and Peace" by Leo Tolstoy (considers it to be "one of" his favorite books).
Favorite Poets: Dylan Thomas, Miller Williams
Favorite Spots: Cumberland Island, off the southeast Georgia coast (one of his favorite spots).
North Georgia mountains. Any trout stream.
"Crimes and Punishment" as a Youth

Stole a penny from the collection plate at church when he was five years old; was punished by his father.
Shot his sister Gloria "in the rear end" with a BB gun after she threw a wrench at him; was punished by his father.
Was denied being selected high school class Valedictorian because he played hooky and went to a movie.
At Annapolis, Midshipman Carter was paddled and hazed for refusing to sing General Sherman's battle hymn, "Marching Through Georgia."
Influential People in Carter's Life

Rosalynn Carter: "Rosalynn is probably the most influential person in my life."
Father, James Earl Carter, Sr.: "He was my best friend."
Mother, Lillian Gordy Carter: "My mother was compassionate, dynamic, humorous, inquisitive in her attitude about life."
Charles Kirbo: "Going to see Charles Kirbo was probably one of the smartest things I ever did in my life."
Julia Coleman: The superintendent of the Plains schools, she encouraged him to learn more about music, art and literature.
Admiral Hyman Rickover: "Hyman Rickover is by any measure a remarkable man."
President Harry Truman: "Harry Truman is my favorite president and the one I admire most."
Noted Quotes by Philosophers and Poets

The sad duty of politics is to establish justice in a sinful world.
— Reinhold Niebuhr
Great is the hand that holds dominion over
Man by a scribbled name.
The five kings count the dead but do not soften
The crusted wound nor stroke the brow;
A hand rules pity as hand rules heaven;
Hands have no tears to flow.
— Dylan Thomas
Favorite Bible Quote

Revelation 3:20: Behold I stand at the door and knock: If any man hear my voice and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.
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