There were no last names in biblical times. It was so-and-so, son of so-and-so, or John, the Baptist (trades or jobs)..or their locations, ... Jesus of Aramea.
Hence, it was impossible to carry forth a last name. Unless it was like Jesus, Son of Joseph was the naming convention that was used.
I believe that in later times (much beyond biblical times), and before there was any last name conventio, some people took on the convention of so-and-so and then whomever was the landowner or dignitary of the area (Lord such-and-such).
I'm sure someone who is far more expert than I (we all know who that is) will come along and correct this if this is wrong.