Attachment is the emotional bond that normally establishes a child with his mother, or the person you care (the grandmother, father, nanny). From a very early age. This person will make the safety, protection and delivers all your needs whether physical or emotional. Experts from homework help sites
say that, before birth, the fetus is in an environment where you have met all your needs. However, from birth feels helpless and so claims need adult care caregivers.
From birth, you must generate a bond between mother and child to ensure the survival of the baby. The baby needs a comfortable temperature, a stable atmosphere, food and hygiene, stimulation, play, affection and protection from potential hazards.
From birth, the child has a behavioral repertoire that allows you to draw the attention of his mother and who cared for (in case you were not this). As tears to demand attention, food, change it, that hurts. Gradually will incorporate other gestures like smile, screams, noises and words, to express their moods.
The attachment is formed from the very birth. The child realizes that receives care that enable you to meet your needs both biological and emotional, which can not satisfy by yourself. As you grow to be generating a mental image of himself and his mother.
This mental image is reinforced by repeated experiences until it forms attachment style. Attachment can be secured or unsecured.
Secure attachment is characterized by a positive self image and an image of the other-of the mother or primary caregiver-positive also. In this case, the child feels loved and cared for, and knows that she does not take long to meet their needs.
There are three types of insecure attachment, which are formed in the following situations:
- Attachment rejector is given by a positive image of himself but a negative image of the other. In this case, the child has learned that while important, can not trust to be treated properly in claiming the attention of his mother.
- The preoccupied attachment, is characterized by a negative self image but with confidence in his mother. The child who has developed this attachment style feels that he is not important, however, is confident that will be attended by the kindness of his mother, not because he deserves it.
- Finally, fearful attachment, arises in the situation where both the image of himself as the image of the others are negative. The child has learned that it is important and you can not trust that their needs will be met, what makes you think he does not deserve such care or show affection and, therefore, does not become attached to his mother.
In the first moments of his life, generates a particular attachment to the mother (or the person you care for) and that experience and images remain etched in your memory and you will cope in the future with their satisfactions and dissatisfactions.
Emotional relationships established in the future with the adult members of his family, teachers, and their congeners friends, co childhood. Depend heavily on the quality of the bond he has established with his mother or with caregivers in the early years of his life. Hence the importance of giving all the affection and protection of the child.