The chronology and the sequence of events in your post are suspect Aunt Bee. And i suspect that you've copied it from somewhere else. The account seems to be derived from the Groenlendiga Saga
(the Greenlander's Story), which while providing a useful contrast to the other (Icelandic) sagas, is suspect for a variety of reasons. One of the principle reasons is that it breaks down the single voyage of four ships to search for Leif's "Vinland the Good" into three separate voyages. This is flatly contradicted by the Eric the Red Saga
and the Thorfinn Karlsefni Saga
. There is sufficient agreement among those and other Icelandic saga sources to make the Groenlendiga Saga
Bjarni Herjolfsson's voyage was made in 985 CE, not 998. The sources for this are the Erik the Red Saga
, the Short Saga (the oldest recension of the Erik the Red Saga, which is incomplete, and which in fact ends with the arrival of Bjarni Herjolfsson at Herjolfsness in Greenland) and the Greenlander's Story. By the way, the Wikipedia entry on Bjarni Herjolfsson is incorrect in that it identifies Leif's Vinalnd with Anse aux Meadows. There is every reason to identify l'Anse aux Meadows with the site at which the four ship expedition of Thorfinn Karlsefni, Freydis Eriksdottir and Thorvald Eriksson. (The Wikipedia entry for Thorfinn Karlsefni is unreliable, as well.) The chronology of the sagas and two important Icelandic books of history and biography--the Landnamabok
and the Islendingabok
--shows that Thorfinn Karlsefni would have arrived in Greenland between 1001 and 1003 CE, where he married Gudrid (also an important figure in the two main Icelandic sources just mentioned), and then made the voyage to find Leif's Vinland in the following year. That puts his voyage between 1002 and 1004 CE--by 1010 CE (the date given by Wikipedia), Thorfinn is known to have returned to Iceland. Gudrid gave birth to a son, Snorri Thorfinnsson, while at the first hop
(pronounced "hope" and being a sheltered lagoon communicating with the sea) in the first year of the expedition. The following spring, Thorfinn and the Norse had a violent confrontation with the skrealings
(meaning either Eskimos or Indians, depending upon the context), and returned to the original overwintering site, now identified with l'Anse aux Meadows. He then head south down the east coast (the first hop
had been on the west coast of the Great Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland), and established another hop
settlement, and began cutting timber for a cargo. They then encountered people they called Einfoetingers
(meaning one footers--i won't go into why they called them that), and who have since been identified with the Beothuk Indians of Newfoundland, who were exterminated by white boys in the mid 19th century. After this second bloody confrontation, they sailed back to the original settlement at l'Anse aux Meadows, and then returned to Greenland.
Thorvald Eriksson had sailed off to the North, had entered what is now called the English River in Labrador, and then conspired in the murder of some Skraelings
they found sleeping on the shore of Lake Melville. Then, with an incredible idiocy all too common among the Norse, they sailed further along the lake shore, and camped for the night. The next morning, a lookout spotted a flotilla of Skraelings
(these were probably Thule culture Eskimos, and those Thorfinn had met ealier in the year were probably Dorset culture Eskimos) approaching, and after an intense attack--they used missle weapons such as bows and slings, and the Norse did not--the Norse managed to launch their ship and put out onto the lake, escaping their tormentors. Once free of the attack, Thorvald announced that he had been hit by an arrow, and had gotten his death wound. He asked to be buried on the point of land where they had murdered the Eskimos--he had spoken highly of the landscape there.
Freydis stayed behind with the remaining Greenlanders, and the Icelanders who were now outnumbered due to the departure of Thorfinn and his people. Freydis instigated the murder of the Icelanders, and then when her menfolk demurred, she personally murdered all of the Icelandic women with an ax. They returned to Greenland, and eventually the story of the murders got out--although i don't know that Erik did anything to punish Freydis.
The story of Norse attempts to settle on the North American mainland is a tale of cupdity, stupidity and murder. It's not either a pretty tale, nor one very flattering to the intelligence of the Norse. Earlier, i said that it was not true that Iceland was virtually isolated from the tenth century onward, as one of the people in Hinge's source claimed. The evidence for this is all over the saga sources, and the Landnamabok
and the Islendingabok
. Gudrid bore several children for Thorfinn, and became a famously devout christian in Iceland. After the death of Thorfinn, Gudrid made a pilgrimage to Rome, and returned to found a religious order which survived her by centuries. It's hardly credible that Iceland could have been "virtually isolated" from the tenth century onward, but that an Icelandic woman born in the late tenth century would have become famous throughout Europe as a devout christian, have made a pilgrimage to Rome and have returned to found a religious order.
There is a very entertaining novel about Gudrid called The Sea Road
by Margaret Elphinstone, published in 2000. Sadly, although she uses reliable sources for most of the tale, she quixoticly relies on the Greenlander's Story for the account of the voyage in search of Leif's Vinland, which is even more mystifying in that it is flatly contradicted by the Thorfinn Karlsefni Saga
. I highly recommend Westviking
by Farley Mowat (1965) for the most rational reconciliation of all the saga sources on the Norse in North America.