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But in one case, both "bank"s are a nouns. In the other, "to bank" is a verb. The cut may be grammatical as contrasted with semantic. But I am just guessing. I don't know the way dictionaries make that cut. And, maybe different dictionaries make the cut differently. Something to research.
[Middle English banke
, probably after the Old Norse *banke
= Old Icelandic bakki
ridge, eminence, bank of clouds, of a river, chasm, etc. (whence Danish bakke
, Swedish backe
, hillock, hill, rising ground, ascent, acclivity): Old Teutonic *bankon-
; cognate with Old Teutonic *banki-z
, see bank
2 and bench
; the primary sense of bank-
being probably 'shelf,' natural or artificial, of earth, rock, sand, or wood. The Old English representative of banki
, would be *banca
: a compound
in sense of 'heel-bench, couch' actually occurs once in a vocabulary, but this may be, as the sense suggests, one of the class of weak compounds from strong ns. (cf.
); in any case the senses of Middle English banke
, as well as its first appearance in the northern dialect, point to its Scandinavian source.]
A raised shelf or ridge of ground, etc.
A portion of the surface of the ground raised or thrown up into a ridge or shelf; a lengthened mound with steeply sloping sides. Hence
, One side or slope of such a ridge or mound. Now chiefly in hedge-bank
[Middle English baunk
, apparently a. Old French banc
'bench' (= Portuguese banc
, Italian, Spanish banco
): late Latin bancus
bench, 'scamnum,' ad. Teutonic bank
(Medieval High German, Medieval Dutch banc
, Old High German banch
, German, Dutch bank
): Old Teutonic *banki-z bench
; cognate with bank
1: Old Teutonic *bankon-
. If however Old English
'heel-bench, couch, sofa,' was really a compound of an Old English *banca
(see prec.), the Middle English word might be the lineal descendant of that, subsequently identified with the French banc
. The true native equivalent is bench
: Old English bnc
A long seat for several to sit on, a bench, or form; a platform or stage to speak from. Obsolete.
A seat of justice; = bench
. Bank Royal
: King's Bench. Common Bank
: Common Pleas. (Cf. also banco
The bench occupied by the rowers of each oar in a galley. (So in French, Italian, German)
A rank or tier of oars; used chiefly in reference to the ancient galleys, which had several tiers one above another.
A row of keys on an organ.
A row of keys on a typewriter.
A shelf. (Cf. German
, etc.) Obsolete
A bench or table used in various trades; especially
, the table on which the sheets are laid before or after printing. (Cf. Italian banco
7. b. optical bank
: an optical bench; a graduated bench, usually of steel, on which the holders of lenses, prisms, etc., may be set up in alignment.
The floor of a glass-melting furnace
A pottery. Cf. pot-bank
A creel for holding rows of bobbins of cotton.
A set of similar pieces of apparatus or units of equipment grouped together. In various spec. uses:
10. a. Electricity.
Lights arranged in rows or tiers.
In Automatic Telephony
: a series of fixed contacts in a selector or switch.
[Early modern English banke
, after French banque
, from Italian banca
feminine, used side by side, and in same sense, with banco
masculine; from Teutonic bank
, bench: see preceding word. The double form and gender in Romanic, cf. Italian, Spanish, Portuguese banco
, French banc
, are apparently original (see medieval Latin bancus
, in Du Cange), and due to the double gender of the German: Old High German der
, diu banch
, Middle High German der
, die banc
, early modern and dialect German der
, die bank
. The original meaning 'shelf, bench' (see bank
2, and bench
) was extended in Italian to that of 'tradesman's stall, counter, money-changer's table, mensa argentaria
, ,' whence 'money-shop, bank,' a use of the word which passed, with the trade of banking, from Italy into other countries. In this sense, It. uses both banco
, Spanish and Portuguese the masculine banco
; but in France the Italian feminine banca
was adapted as banque
, whence English banke
. The word is thus ultimately identical with bench
2 , and cognate with bank1
(Although, in Italian, monte
'mount, heap, amount, stock,' was used in some of the senses of 'bank,' the notion that the name banco
, originated in a German rendering of monte
is erroneous: German bank
had no such sense as 'mount, heap,' only that of 'bench, shelf.' Rather is it the fact, that in the development of banking, the banco
of the money-changer, and the monte
or 'joint-stock capital' were at length combined, and bank
applied in English to both.)]
A money-dealer's table, counter, or shop.
The table or counter of a money-changer or dealer in money. Obsolete,
The shop, office, or place of business of a money-dealer. (Cf. banker
2 1a, b.) Now merged in 7a.
An amount or stock of money.
A sum of money, an amount (Italian monte
); a 'pile.' (Cf. 'mounts of coin' in last quot.) Obsolete
3. b. especially
A sum to draw upon. Obsolete
A batch of paper-money. Obsolete
In games of hazard, the amount or pile of money which the player who plays against all the others, e.g
. the proprietor of the gaming-table, has before him.
An amount made up by the contributions of many; a joint stock or capital. Obsolete
An amount so contributed for lending to the poor; a loan-bank; whence the modern pawn-broker's establishment (French
(Ordinary modern sense.)
An establishment for the custody of money received from, or on behalf of, its customers. Its essential duty is the payment of the orders given on it by the customers; its profits arise mainly from the investment of the money left unused by them.
Banks (in England) may be divided into:
a. Private Banks
, carried on by one or more (in Great Britain not exceeding ten
) persons in partnership. Cf. sense 2 above.
b. Joint-Stock Banks
, of which the capital is subscribed by a large number of shareholders. (Cf. sense 5 above). Of these the greatest is..
c. The Bank of England7. b. bank of deposit
, a bank that receives lodgements of money. bank of issue
, a bank which issues its own notes or promises to pay; in Great Britain a bank to which the right of issue was continued by the Acts of 1844-45. branch bank
, a branch-office of a bank, established to give banking facilities to a locality at a distance from the head-office. savings-bank
, a bank of which the express object is to take charge of the savings of the poorer classes, or of small sums of money.
7. c. figurative
7. d. in bank
: in a bank or the bank, at one's bankers'. Also figurative
: in store.
Phrase in the Bank
(see quot. 1930).
7. f. transfered
A store of things for future use, a reserve supply: specifically
of blood for transfusion, tissue for grafting, or the like. Cf. blood-bank
(s.v. blood noun
21), eye bank
1 28). originally U.S.
Catch-phrase to laugh,
(originally to cry
) all the way to the bank
: to relish (orig. ironically
, to deplore) the fact that one is making money, esp. undeservedly or at the expense of others.
8. Combined forms
attrib. or obj. genitive, as bank-account
Special combinations: bank annuities
, a technical term for certain British government funds; usually, the Consolidated 3 per cent. Annuities, or 'consols'; bank balance
, the net amount held by a depositor in a bank account; bank card
, a cheque card or credit card issued by a bank (cf. banker's card
2 1c); also, a cashpoint card; bank charge
, a fee debited by a bank to a customer's current account for each transaction it carries out on the customer's behalf, and for certain other services; usu. in pl.
, a cheque or order to pay issued upon a bank; bank-circulation
, a name applied to receipts given by the Bank of England to contributors to the loan made to the Government in 1751, which circulated as paper currency; bank-clerk
, a clerk (see clerk
6b) in a bank; hence bank-clerkly
, the weekly meeting of the Governor and Directors of the Bank of England, or other joint-stock bank; also
, the general court of proprietors; bank-credit
, a credit opened for any person by a correspondent of a bank, to enable the former to draw for the amount; bank-money
(cf. banco adjective
, money in the bank; bank-paper
) bank-notes in circulation; bills of exchange accepted by a banker; (b
) (see quot. 1888); bank-parlour
, the court-room of the Bank of England; the room in which a banker or bank-manager does business with borrowers; bank-post
, a kind of writing-paper used for foreign correspondence; bank-rate
) the rate per cent. per annum fixed from time to time by the Bank of England, at which the company is prepared to discount bills of exchange having not more than 95 days to run; replaced in October 1972 by minimum lending rate
(see minimum adjective
, any rate of interest charged by a bank; bank-receipt
, a receipt given by the Bank of England on its formation, for money deposited to be drawn against; now
, an acknowledgement given by a banker for money deposited on a current account; bank-roll U.S.
, a roll of bank-notes; hence as v. trans. colloq.
, to support financially; bank statement
, a record supplied periodically or on request by a bank to an account-holder, showing all credits and debits over a given period, and the current balance of the account; bank-stockbank-token
, a token issued by a bank to serve for payments, on its responsibility, during a scarcity of silver coin; bankward a.
, towards the bank. See also bank-bill
DRAFT ADDITIONS DECEMBER 2007:
bank loan noun
[PAY UP OR WERE GOING TO COME AFTER YOU!!!
To form a bank to; to border, edge, hem in as a bank.
To border upon
To confine within a bank. Also figurative
4. a. transitive
To confine the movements of the escapement, which is the function of the two banking-pins in a watch.
4. b. intransitive
To impinge against the banking-pins; said of the escapement (or of the watch).
To coast, to skirt. Obsolete
To bring ashore, to land.
To shelter under a bank.
8. a. transitive
To heap or pile up
. Also figurative
8. b. specifically
To pile up (logs) at a landing, etc., for transport by water or rail. U.S.
) To rise up
into banks. Also, to pile up
, accumulate. Also absolute
To make up a fire, by covering it with a heap of fuel so pressed down that it will remain a long time burning slowly. Also to bank down
11. to bank out
: to empty out (coal as drawn from the pit) into a heap.
To ascend (an inclined surface).
To cause to travel an ascending track (attrib. in banking engine
, bank noun
, to tilt (an aeroplane) sideways in turning. Also intransitive
, to incline sideways in turning. Also with up
To keep a bank, act as a banker. (Chiefly in adjective and noun, as in banking-house
To deposit money or keep an account with a banker.
To deposit in a bank. Also, to convert into current money, 'realize.'
4. a. intransitive
To form a 'bank' at a gaming-table; to play against all comers.
To 'put one's money' upon
; to count or rely on
with confidence or assurance.
To store (blood, tissue, or the like) for future use. originally U.S.
[Source: Oxford English Dictionary Online
If I had any sense, I'd bank verb2 it!