Home Children is a common term used to refer to the child migration scheme founded by Kingsley Fairbridge in 1869, under which more than 110,000 children were sent to Australia, Canada and New Zealand from the United Kingdom. In Australia, such children are known as the "Forgotten Australians".
The practice of sending poor or orphaned children to British settler colonies, to help alleviate the shortage of labour, began in 1618, with the rounding-up and transportation of 100 vagrant children to the Virginia Colony.. According to the British House of Commons Child Migrant's Trust Report, "it is estimated that some 150,000 children were dispatched over a period of 350 years"the earliest recorded child migrants left Britain for the Virginia Colony in 1618, and the process did not finally end until the late 1960s."
Though it was widely believed that all of these children were orphans, it is now known that most had living parents, some of whom had no idea what had happened to their child after they were left in care homes, with some led to believe that their children had been adopted somewhere in Britain.
In November,2009 Australia apologized for their involvement in the scheme, while UK Prime Minister,Gordon Brown, made a formal apology in February,2010. Conversely, on November 16th, 2009, Canadian Immigration Minister Jason Kenney issued a statement that Canada will not be apologizing to child migrants
...Government records show that at least 150,000 children aged between three and 14 were taken abroad, mainly to Australia and Canada, in a programme that began in the 1920s and did not stop until 1967.
The children, almost invariably from deprived backgrounds and already in some form of social or charitable care, were cut off from their families or even falsely informed that they were orphans.
While their parents were told the child migrants had gone to a better life, in many cases they remained in institutions or were sent to farming families and treated as unpaid labour, and many faced abuse. A key subtext to the programme, particularly in relation to Australia, was the aim of supplying Commonwealth countries with sufficient "white stock". ..